To bear young, females often establish a separate den. My last RFI on Porcupines prompted Charles Foley to suggest I speak to Paolo Tanta, who had contributed a Crested Porcupine picture – taken in Italy – to Charles’s excellent field guide on the larger mammals of Tanzania. When menaced, it often chooses to flee, though porcupines can bite or claw adversaries, and may even charge backward, attempting to stab with their quills. Algeria, Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Italy, Kenya, Liberia, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, HABITAT In the Mediterranean, it is known from mainland Italy and the islands of Sicily, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. In this paper the evidence for the introduction of the crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata L. 1758) in Italy is reviewed and hypotheses concerning the timing and modalities of this event arebrought forward. On the contrary, EMCV has rarely been isolated before from crested porcupine [12, 13]. Movements and diet of crested porcupines in the Maremma Natural Park, central Italy. Because the meat of the crested porcupine is considered a delicacy and a favored food item for humans, it is illegally hunted, often with dogs, in most parts of its range. set, Survey in the Pamir Mountains: Ovis ammon polii and Capra sibirica. The porcupine is generally considered the largest rodent present in Italy, where hares are also seen. It can be found along the Mediterranean coast of Africa to northern Zaire and Tanzania. In the Mediterranean, it is known from mainland Italy and the islands of Sicily, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. The hind foot has five digits. Crested porcupine - Hystrix cristata Linnaeus, 1758 Images from the web. Prominent pocket-like inflations are prominent in the skull, upper jaw, and lacrimal and turbinate bones. These quills broaden at the terminal end and this section is hollow and thin-walled. The African Crested Porcupine (Hystrix cristata), also known as the crested porcupine, is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae, found in Italy, Sicily, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. (en) L'istrice (Hystrix cristata Linnaeus, 1758) è un mammifero roditore della famiglia degli Istricidi. Explore museums and play with Art Transfer, Pocket Galleries, Art Selfie, and more Quick facts . She’d posted on the mammalwatching blog several times asking how to stop them and so I got in touch to say I had no idea on porcupine prevention but could I visit anyway to try to see them. Anthropozoologica 45 (2): 27–42.In this paper the evidence for the introduction of the crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata L. 1758) in Italy is reviewed and hypotheses concerning the timing and modalities of this event are brought forward. ), Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. They are monogamous animals (a couple stays together for their entire life). A calm animal, it raises its quills when threatened, hitting the ground with its feet and emitting loud cries. In the last few decades, the crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata L., 1758) showed a marked range expansion in Italy. Italy is the only European country where the crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) lives.A parasitological investigation was performed on faecal samples, aimed to evaluate Giardia and other parasites in a free-ranging crested porcupine population in Central Italy. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. In this paper the evidence for the introduction of the crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata L. 1758) in Italy is reviewed and hypotheses concerning the timing and modalities of this event arebrought forward. It confirms the susceptibility of non-human primates to the EMCV infection. Mediterranean-Type Shrubby Vegetation I got there in the late afternoon and saw a couple of very tame Red Foxes on the road to the beach – the  Strada del Mare – from just north of Alberese. The crested porcupine’s infraorbital foramen is greatly enlarged so that portions of the masseter extend through it and arise from the frontal side surface of the animal’s snout, resulting in a hystricomorphous condition. The crested porcupine is distinct among Old World porcupines due to its shorter tail, averaging 8-17 centimeters or 3-7 inches, and the presence of rattle quills at the end of the tail. Despite being a protected species in Italy, the crested porcupine is considered as an agricultural pest, with a tasty meat, thus widely poached. Let's hope in a good expansion of this species. IUCN Status: Least Concern. (2006). In the past 10 years, a remarkable range expansion has also been observed in the southernmost Italian regions. Woods, C. A. The Crested Porcupine's spiny tail is a simple gray, but accompanied by innumerable striped quills protruding in various directions. The crested porcupine is found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. Our animals Crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) Porcupines originate from Africa. In West Africa, it is found in both woodland savanna and forest formations. The crested porcupine is one of the largest rodents. Subtropical / Tropical Dry Published and unpublished material was collected to reconstruct this phenomenon. Masseti M., Albarella U. I didn’t find any, but did see a heap of Fallow Deer, at least 7 Red Foxes and a couple of Badgers. The word "porcupine" comes from Latin porcus pig + spina spine, quill, via Old Italian (Italian "porcospino", thorn-pig)— Middle French — Middle English. Subtropical / Tropical Dry Paolo in turn contacted Emilano Mori, a phd biology student in biology and expert in Porcupines, who suggested I try Maremma Regional Park, near Grossetto in southern Tuscany. Contact us. Captive females in South Africa produce litters throughout the year, mainly from August to March with a peak in January. This is now officially my favourite part of Italy. Your email address will not be published. Next stop Maremma Regional Park. The average head and body length of the crested porcupine is 60-93 centimeters (24-37 inches), with a tail length of 8-17 centimeters (3-7 inches). The porcupine’s angular process is inflected on the lower jaw and the animal’s nasal cavity is enlarged. Their long incisors never stop growing, and they gnaw on branches and tree trunks to file their teeth. Eleanor and David Brown retired to Penna San Giovanni 21 years ago. In D. E. Wilson & D. M. Reeder (Eds. Female crested porcupines usually only have one litter per year. Hystricognathi. The crested porcupine is primarily a herbivorous forager. AFRICAN CRESTED PORCUPINE Hystrix cristata. The crested porcupine’s common name refers to the quills along the head, nape, and back that can be raised into a crest, in addition to sturdier quills about 35 centimeters, or 14 inches, long along the sides and back half of the body generally used for defensive purposes. These prickles are wide, thin walled and hollow-tipped. I spent the weekend before last in Nicaragua, mainly to try to catch some bats. (2020b, February 20). In mainland Italy, population densities of the crested porcupine are increasing, and the species is expanding its range northwards. The crested porcupine is a large rodent living in Central and North Africa, with a European distribution limited to Italy. According to popular belief … Version 2019-3, Atalar, O. Offset your Greenhouse Gases when you fly - and protect Gola Rainforest, ©2020 Jon Hall. I was back in Italy in September for a week’s work in Turin and wanted to spend a weekend to try again to find a Porcupine. Studied was the diet of crested porcupines by faecal analysis in a rural hilly area in central Italy. They have clearly visible ears which are as small as their eyes. Palaeontological data indicate that porcupines were present The crested porcupine is found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. New Trip Report: Hexigten (inner Mongolia), China, Siberian Tiger Tracking Tour to Russia – Royle Safaris (3), New Book: They have returned – Experiencing Bear, Lynx and Wolf, New Trip Reports: Svalbard and Costa Rica, Know Thy Corvids, Salmon Saver and Garlic Cures Trees | Cool Green Science, Know Thy Corvids, Salmon Saver and Garlic Cures Trees | Gaia Gazette, Western Weasels (and a few other things): California and Oregon. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata L., 1758) is the largest rodent among the Italian fauna1. Its diet consists of underground bulbs, roots, leaves, tubers, cultivated crops, bark, rhizomes, and fallen fruit. The soles of the crested porcupine’s paws are naked and have padded soles, and the porcupine’s gait is plantigrade. • African crested porcupines are the largest porcupines in the world and the largest rodent in Africa. Coendous . In Morocco, it is declining and clearly threatened. Individual crested porcupines may remain in burrows through winter but they don’t truly hibernate. This case describes an EMCV outbreak in captive Barbary macaques and crested porcupines in Italy, 5 years after the one reported in lemurs in another Italian open-field zoo park . Pigozzi, G. & Patterson, I. J. Here are two Lynx chasing trips from Naturetrek. Because the crested porcupine is a favored food item for humans and its meat is considered a delicacy, there should be some investigation into harvest levels in the North Africa and West Africa areas, however at present, this is not thought to be a major threat to the survival of the species. The crested porcupine lives in burrows, and can be found in North and West Africa, and parts of East Africa and the Mediterranean. Italy, and 3Dipartimento di Bioscienze e Territorio, Università del Molise, Pesche, Italy (Received 30 October 2012; accepted 15 October 2013) Abstract In the last few decades, the crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata L., 1758) showed a marked range expansion in Italy. Captured at night on a Bushnell Trophy cam. The activity of radiotagged adult crested porcupines Hystrix cristata L., 1758, was studied in a rural hilly area of Central Italy, from July 1990 to June 1991. The Cape porcupine (H. africaeaustralis) inhabits the South Africa region, from Cape of Good Hope to the borders of Central Africa tropical rainforests, while the crested porcupine (H. cristata) lives in North Central Africa, from the Mediterranean coast to Northern Zaire and Tanzania, and in mainland Italy and Sicily . The forefoot of the crested porcupine has four well-developed, clawed digits while the thumb is regressed. It confirms the susceptibility of non-human primates to the EMCV infection. It may have been extirpated in Egypt since 1980. In winter, which is brief and not very cold in the parts of Sicily … Hyenas. Temporal activity patterns of crested porcupines, Felicioli, A., Grazzini, A., & Santini, L. (1997). They rest in a den or a cave. The crested porcupine is terrestrial and lives and breeds in deep burrows and dens. Mostly herbivorous, this rodent forages long distances in search of food and lives and breeds in underground burrows in monogamy. Crested porcupines weigh 10-30 kilograms or 22-66 pounds. In B. Grzimek, (Ed.). Food categories were identified by comparison with either isolated sections of fresh plant material or digested fragments obtained from captive porcupines fed experimentally. Crested porcupine. The head, neck, shoulders, limbs and underside of the crested porcupine’s body are covered with dark brown or black bristles that are rather coarse. Close. Captured at night on a Bushnell Trophy cam. (2020a, February 14). Return to the page . If it is still alone tomorrow I … Crested porcupines (Hystrix cristata) in the olive grove below our garden in Lunigiana, Northern Tuscany. Though I was tempted to keep spotlighting to get better views, I also had a 4 hour drive to Bologna airport and so sleep won the day. In D. Macdonald, (Ed.). The crested porcupine is found in Italy, North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. These stronger quills are generally marked with alternating light and dark bands and are not firmly attached. A total of 44 litters was recorded at … Lifespan: Up to 20 years. The species may have been extirpated in Egypt since 1980 and has been extinct in heavily-settled parts of Uganda since the 1970’s. Required fields are marked *. I've also lived and worked in London, Canberra, Paris and Lusaka, and visited over 100 countries. At 21.15 I saw a Crested Porcupine 70 metres off the road to the west in an olive grove exactly 500 metres south of the Sasso Rosso Agriturismo (I was pretty much at the 500m signpost when I saw the animal to my left, as I was travelling towards Alberese). The solid and sharp quills, covering the body of this animal, serve as a mean of self-defense against predators and are 35 cm (14 in) in length, displaying alternating light and dark stripes. Their body (from the nose to the base of the tail) measures between 70 and 90 cm, with the tail adding an additional 8–10 cm. The Cape porcupine (H. africaeaustralis) inhabits the South Africa region, from Cape of Good Hope to the borders of Central Africa tropical rainforests, while the crested porcupine (H. cristata) lives in North Central Africa, from the Mediterranean coast to Northern Zaire and Tanzania, and in mainland Italy and Sicily . I saw a lot of Fallow Deer, several Red Foxes, a couple of Brown Hares and a Western Hedgehog. The crested porcupine also occasionally consumes insects, small vertebrates, and carrion. Crested porcupine was present in Europe during Late Pleistocene. Isolation of Leptospira serovar Pomona from a crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata, L., 1758) - Cilia - - Veterinary Medicine and Science - … & Kilpatrick, C. W. (2005). Its biology and particularly its denning habits are inadequately known. Thank you to Paolo and Emiliano for their help as well as to everyone else who responded to several Porcupine RFIs over the years. — The crested porcupine, Hystrix cristata L., 1758, in Italy. Porcupine is the largest rodent of the Italian fauna and is widely distributed in mainland and it is also present in Sicily and Sardinia. Therefore, Italy provides an ideal natural set-up of co-existence of these three species in a small area sharing common resources. No male weight is transferred to the female, no penile lock occurs, and there are multiple intromissions and multiple thrustings. 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