The crested porcupine’s skull morphology is characteristic in several ways. The lifespan of wild Indian crested porcupines is unknown, but the oldest known captive individual was a female that lived to be 27.1 years old. They are covered with flat, bristly hairs and have quills and spines on the back and flanks. Porcupines are usually dark brown or black in color, with white highlights. Their legs are short and strong and there are five toes on … Their quill lengths vary on different parts of the body, anywhere from 1” to 12” on their back. The recipient of the quill is then left to figure out how to remove it. The new born babies tend to have softer quills at the time of birth, but these soft quills get hardened within a few days after its birth. The young nurse for three to four months and reach full size by one year of age. Size The African crested porcupine can grow to between 60-83cm long with a tail of 8-17cm long, and weighs between 13-27kg. The porcupine's most famous featurethe quillis hollow, 2 to 3 inches (5 to 7 centimeters) in length, and lightly attached to the porcupine's skin. Bolletino di zoologia. Generally, the Porcupines have been gifted with soft and fluffy hair, but it is not the same with the skin as well. Some porcupines species  are “threatened”, however most species are classified as “Least Concern” because of their large population. Whereas, the larger crested porcupine is 60-83 cm long and its body weight is 13-27 kg. Measurement. Porcupine is a rodent, and among all the rodents the Porcupine is the most prickliest, although the meaning of its Latin name is “quill pig”. The Crested Porcupine is the largest porcupine in the world. They normally used the spines or quills on their body and tail as a defense from their predators. They are good diggers. The North African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine on earth. This is so that when a predator attacks, the defensive quills will stick in the attacker. African crested Porcupine {Hystrix cristata} - Author: Drew Avery. Amid battles, New World porcupines likewise babble their teeth to sound wild. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. It is one of the largest rodents in the world. Additionally, their quills are much longer. Porcupine – diet, habitat, species and size with pictures. These prickles are wide, thin walled and hollow-tipped. An average porcupine is found to possess more than 30,000 quills at a time which keep on changing and new ones come out periodically. It has been normally found out that whenever two adult porcupines are seen roaming together, they are mostly siblings or both of them are mating partners. According to researchers, the porcupines which are found mainly in the North as well as South American countries show a great talent as they are quite great tree-climbers and mostly spend their time hanging and roaming around on the trees. (1.2 to 35 kilograms), depending on species, and their tails can grow up to 8 to 12 inches (20 to 30 cm), according to the San Diego Zoo.The length of quills varies by type. A sort of hairstyle! The adult crested porcupine has an average head and body length around 60 to 83 cm (24 to 33 in) long, discounting the tail, and weighs from 13 to 27 kg (29 to 60 lb). Coming to the end of its tail, these porcupines have typically obtuse, empty plumes that clatter when shaken, thus serving as an early warning for the potential enemies. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); So, now the most important question is that how can these porcupines mate without even inflicting any injuries to each other? When the animal is relaxed the way its quill lay flat resembles a grass skirt, but instead of being green it is black with white stripes. It mostly eats fruit and tough roots, but has been known to scavenge the remains of dead animals. $3,235.00. But did you know we humans are not the only ones who are fond of this cool look. They have a stocky body, a small face, short legs, and a short, thick tail.This species is the largest of the New World porcupines and is one of the largest North American rodents, second only to the American beaver in size. Quill length varies on different parts of the body, ranging from 2.5 to 30.5 centimeters (1 to 12 inches). The largest porcupine is the North African crested porcupine.       Home        About Us     Male and females are pretty much the same size. Whenever debilitated, a peaked porcupine tends to stamp its feet, snarls and snorts to drive away the predator. Because quills are so lightly attached, they come off easily when a predator encounters them. They have around 30,000 spikes or quills on their entire body. The tip of each quill is a barb shaped which has a tendency to snag in the flesh,  and it is really painful when the quill get stuck inside the skin, much more when extracting it out of anyone’s skin. A 10-year-old male African crested porcupine (Hystrix cristala) was one of an apparently infertile pair in a zoological collection in Great Britain. It has also been found that some species of the porcupine have been additionally gifted with gripping tails in order to help them climb trees. These creatures are known to stay on the ground and populate the deserts, forests and occasionally, some grasslands. Unless the porcupine is threatened and it senses danger around itself, they tend to keep their quills down and flat. They weigh approximately 50 lbs. The African crested porcupine is native to regions of Northern Africa, Southern Europe, and areas of the Mediterranean. The male porcupines compete for a female in the midst of uproarious fights. New World porcupines … Length: Largest - North African crested porcupine Hystrix cristata, up to 36 inches (90 centimeters); smallest - Bahia hairy dwarf porcupine Sphiggurus insidiosus, up to 15 inches (38 centimeters) Tail length: 8 to 12 inches (20 to 30 centimeters) Weight: 2.5 to 77 pounds (1.2 to 35 kilograms), depending on species. They may stop in a protective stance, or they may charge the foe accordingly. Cape porcupines are one of the world’s largest porcupine species. Neither type of porcupine has the ability to shoot their quills. As a normal rodent, the porcupines have been found to eat mostly natural vegetation, including tree’s bark, stems and are also infamously known to have invaded the camping grounds to bite and chew the tents and canoe paddles. Being a rodent, it is quite amusing, isn’t it? The normal lifespan of a porcupine is around five to seven years in the wild while in captivity it can reach for up to twenty-one years.     Contact Us         Disclaimer         Write For Us         All content copyright 2005 theHatchReport.com and Authors. There have been quite a very few distinguishable differences between the New World and Old World porcupines: Those that have quills on their back which stand up to a height equivalent to that of a crest are the Old World crested porcupines. The African Crested porcupine has a black body and black hair. This makes the quills very difficult to take out once they get stuck on other animal’s bodies. The black & white quills along the head and back can be raised into a crest, thus the name. Quills are not thrown or shot, as popularly conceived. Cape porcupines measure 63 to 81 centimetres (25 to 32 inches) long from the head to the base of the tail, with the tail adding a further 11–20 centimetres (4.3–7.9 inches). We compared weight and six metric body measurements of 40 male and 42 female crested porcupines from Southern Tuscany, Italy. Porcupines are covered in about 30,000 quills. Cane corso dog – habitat, size, species and diet with pictures, Pronghorn – diet, habitat, facts and lifespan with images, Newt vs salamander – habitat, size, species and diet with pictures. They are approximately 25 to 36 inches long and have an 8- to 10-inch long tail. In the event that she appears to be intrigued, he splashes her with urine, which flags her to lower her quills and move her pointed tail to the side in order to mate. These sturdy, sharp quills, which are about 14 inches long and marked with alternating light and dark … North American Porcupines are usually brownish or slightly gray in color. ... vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. The length not counting the tail is approximately 25 – 41 inches. The adult crested porcupine has an average head and body length around 60 to 83 cm (24 to 33 in) long, discounting the tail, and weighs from 13 to 27 kg (29 to 60 lb). But the North American ones are also believed to eat leaves, flowers and other fruits. Reverse SSD has been reported for Old World porcupines Hystrix spp. Min width. Free shipping on many items ... African Crested Porcupine Taxidermy Mount For Sale. Female porcupines reach maturity by 9-16 months, while males reach maturity by 8-18 months. The solid and sharp quills, covering the body of this animal, serve as a mean of self-defense against predators and are 35 cm (14 in) in length, displaying alternating light and dark stripes. of 211. sharp thorn indian crested porcupine quill animal spines porcupie vector porcupine illustration purcopine hedgehogs hedgehog spines porcupine on white background. The fact is that the quills become lodged into objects, animals or people who come into contact with a porcupine. Its quills are longer (8 to 16 inches in length) and cover the lower half of the porcupine’s body. Min height. The porcupines are very noisy while mating. The crested porcupine lives in burrows, and can be found in North and West Africa, and parts of East Africa and the Mediterranean. Size: 60 lbs. The porcupines too are very much fond of this look. Presently, porcupine quills are often used as musical instruments. Article. Quills are not thrown or shot, as popularly conceived. Their quills are soft at birth, but rapidly harden. You all might have heard the word “spikes”, isn’t it? However, though the porcupines are unable to shoot down any of its predator or prey with its quills, still all its quills are very easily removable when gently touched. It grows up to 36 inches (90 centimeters) long. They normally used the spines or quills on their body and tail as a defense from their predators. They have roundish heads, small eyes and ears and a blunt, stubby muzzle. Porcupines weigh 2.5 to 77 lbs. The most important similarity between these types of porcupines is that they use quills for defense in situations where they feel threatened. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Usually, the quills lie flat against the body, but if danger threatens, they raise and spread them. The porcupines are a kind of rodent that can be seen in two fundamental locales of the world, they are classified as Old World or New World porcupines by researchers. These can cut through and stab any enemy when it senses risk or any kind of threat.     Links         Multimedia         Other         Archive. The Old World ones generally populate the Europe, Asia and Africa; some of the examples are: the African brush-tailed porcupine, the Indian crested porcupine and the  North African crested porcupine, they are some of the few species of porcupines living in these areas. Other than the North American species, porcupine are also found in Africa, Europe and Asia. or Best Offer ... Porcupine Life-Size Taxidermy Mount For Sale. And at around two to three months of age, these young and newly born porcupines are mature enough to survive on their own and start searching for newer pastures and places to live. Another key difference between the quills of the African and North American Porcupines in the fact that the quills of the North American variety have barbed ends on them. Whenever debilitated or threatened, these New World porcupines erect their quills that bulge out in different headings and directions. It has all the advantages one needs in a fight; it’s bigger, badder, and blacker than the North American. Most creatures that have had a run-in with a porcupine learn their lesson and maintain a safe distance in future encounters. The porcupine is so well adapted according to its surroundings that they have been gifted with an interesting coat of quills which are of sharp, needle shaped design. The Old World porcupines belong to the infraorder Hystricognathi of the order Rodentia. Due to its extreme adaptation according to its environment, the porcupines are also gifted with sharp, needle-like quills which are present on its back, tail and the side as well. Increase font size. These quills do not usually become deeply lodged, but are painful. Published online: 28 Jan 2009. It starts right from the tip of the head and extends all the way down to its shoulders. Image size. These quills have been equipped with needle-like sharp tips and layered scales which are overlapped on each other. The smallest is the Bahia hairy dwarf porcupine. The Indian crested porcupine is a large rodent, weighing 11–18 kg. Porcupines weigh about 12 to 35 pounds and are rounded and large. Generally, all the porcupines have been found to be nocturnal and are extremely adaptable according to its surroundings. So come and explore some untold, yet fascinating facts about the largest rodent in the universe through this article. That makes it seem like they have a spiked hairdo with gel. Porcupines are more likely to flee predators, but if cornered, it will er… They have been found to have traveled long distances in order to search for its female counterpart and sometimes even to get some salt. But the throne-like pointed quills belonging to the Indian crested porcupine were sighted here for the very first time,” he has stated. When the animal is threatened, the quills stand up in an elaborate crest, or mane, along its back. Since porcupines love salty flavor, they can consume axe handles, canoe … If the title of this article were to be taken literally and we were to pit one porcupine against the other, I would have to give the edge to the African porcupine. The spines are thicker in diameter and longer in length than the quills. The New World porcupines are generally found residing in South, North and Central America Mexican hairy dwarf porcupine,Brazilian porcupine and the Canadian porcupine are some of the few examples of the species belonging to the New World porcupines which are found in these regions. African crested porcupines (Hystrix cristata) are about the size of a cocker spaniel, and armed with an impressive set of long, barbed quills, up to 30 centimetres … African porcupines are herbivorous feeding on various plant parts including roots, bark, and fruit. Reduce font size. It was earlier thought that the porcupine could shoot its predators and prey with its sharp quills, but as time went by, it came to be known that it was just a myth. Some of them, like the crested porcupines of Africa have quills as long as 30 cm. A total of 44 pairs of crested porcupines with a litter was observed in three years (Sett 1, N = 10; Sett 2, N = 14; Sett 3, N = 12; Sett 4, N = 8): 59% singletons, 32% twins, 9% triplets.Births occurred throughout the year, with the highest number of litters in February and in October, as well as with the highest number of cubs in mid-winter (). FUN FACTS They have been located in a wide range of habitats and environments, as long as there is enough food and vegetation for the porcupines to eat. The female porcupines are found to give birth to approximately two to four newborn porcupines. When the animal is relaxed the way its quill lay flat resembles a grass skirt, but instead of being green it is black with white stripes. The largest porcupine is the North African crested porcupine. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. Pixels. Whenever threatened, these quills get erected and as a result makes these porcupines look bigger, almost 2-3 times in general. This porcupine has quills that can be as long as 18 inches (45 cm). They come in different shades: gray, brown and the unusual white. ... Crested porcupines live on the ground in the grasslands, forests and rocky outcrops of Africa. If an animal doesn’t have fingers, it will be very difficult for it to remove these quills once they get stuck inside the flesh. Once the quill is stuck, it falls of the animal. It is helpful in the sense that the quills alert every other animal wanting to attack the porcupine that it is not at all an easy prey. This is a myth perpetuated by cartoons. Among all the species of porcupine currently known to us, the North American breed of porcupines is the one and only species populating the U.S as well as Canada. African Porcupines are larger than their North American cousins. But, whenever it gets scared or senses any predator around itself, it then immediately straightens up all its quills as a measure of self-defense. Its quills are longer (8 to 16 inches in length) and cover the lower half of the porcupine’s body. Wild crested porcupines can be found in parts of Italy such as Sicily. The Crested porcupine is so called due to its back, which can raise, becoming a crest on occasion. All the quill have been naturally marked with unique black and white markings. Free shipping. The Indian Crested Porcupine has a head and body length can range from 23 to 36 inches; tail length from 3 to 6 inches, and weight from 22 to 66 pounds. The head, neck, shoulders, limbs and underside of the body are covered with coarse, dark brown or black bristles. Length of the tail ranges from 5.7 – 12 inches (14.5 – 30 cm) Crested porcupines weigh 10-30 kilograms or 22-66 pounds. Amongst mammals, female-biased sexual size dimorphism (SSD) is rare and it occurs mostly in species where reduced male intrasexual competition is present. There have been numerous cases of accidents that the quills are getting stuck to another animal’s bodies. Many of its predators have suffered the attack of the quills and it protrudes from their snouts and bodies. Commentary Articles        Information Articles     This is a large species of porcupine, complete with a full compliment of defensive quills and has very few natural predators. Well, they are exactly the same, aside from color, body size, quill size, and quill shape. They are flexible and difficult to remove. The largest rodent in Africa This porcupine is the heaviest and largest rodent found in Africa. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); On the off chance that the clamor cannot come into rescue, they may attempt to charge in reverse into the predator. Some of them, like the crested porcupines of Africa have quills as long as 30 cm. See porcupine stock video clips. In order to satisfy its huge appetite for wood and other related products, the North American porcupine uses its humongous front set of teeth to bite into the wood, further solidifying its status as a rodent. The African Crested Porcupine, also known as a crested porcupine, is one of the world’s largest rodents. Among rodents, porcupines rank third in terms of size after capybara and beaver. New quills will grow in to replace lost ones. Another interesting fact regarding the North American porcupine is that it is also the largest species of porcupine known to man. When the quills enter the skin of a predator, they work their way further into the skin at a rate of 1 mm an hour. The African Crested porcupine has a black body and black hair. The black and white quills along the head and back of this spiny mammal can be raised into a crest. Free shipping. It grows up to 15 inches (38 cm) long. and are about 30” in length, and have very poor vision. The crested porcupine is the size of a small raccoon, but it has the ability to make itself look much larger. Their most recognizable feature is, of course, its quills. • “Porcupine” comes from the Latin porcus for pig and spina for spine: “spiny pig.” • All Old World porcupines have spines of some sort, but their spines lack the barbules that characterize the spines of North American porcupines. Their body (from the nose to the base of the tail) measures between 70 and 90 cm, with the tail adding an additional 8–10 cm. • African crested porcupines are the largest porcupines in the world and the largest rodent in Africa. Female porcupines have teats on their sides just behind their front legs, and they lay sternal to nurse their offspring. The average head and body length of the crested porcupine is 60-93 centimeters (24-37 inches), with a tail length of 8-17 centimeters (3-7 inches). Little, unbending plumes that are approximately 20 cm in length are thickly stuffed all over the Old World porcupine’s back. Female‐biased sexual size dimorphism in the crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata L.) Giorgio Pigozzi. The long-tailed porcupine of the Old World is 27.9-48 cm long and its weight varies from 1.5 to 2.3 kg. We'll assume you're ok with this. Their weight may vary from 3.5 kg – 18 kg (7.7 lbs – 40 lbs) depending on the species. SIZE. It has also been found that the porcupines have a mechanism of growing new quills once the older ones have been plucked off or fallen off. $1,675.00. These New World porcupines are also well known for aggressively lashing out at their predators by means of charging and hitting them with their plume loaded tails. By Maria Bastida . Volume 54, 1987 - Issue 3. Measurement. The porcupines have a very special tendency to patrol and check their territories during the late night hours in order to protect their homes and other areas from where they get their food. The victor then cries and steps his tail to awe his female counterpart. They are common in sub-Saharan Africa, but can be found as far away as northern Africa and Italy. Indian porcupines are almost the same size on average as well, being slightly heavier on average than crested porcupine but slightly lighter than Cape porcupines. Other than those differences they are exactly the same. Digestive parameters and energy assimilation of Cape porcupine on economically important crops. Males and females are similar in size. It has been found that there is approximately 24 variety of species of the porcupine in the entire world. 2 to 4 inches long and its weight varies from 1.5 to 2.3 kg search! Their quills are shorter, usually 2 to 4 inches long and have very poor vision as northern and... Cm ) long apparently infertile pair in a fight ; it’s bigger, badder and. Female crested porcupines can be as long as 30 cm almost 2-3 times in.... ( 45 cm ) Africa this porcupine has the ability to shoot their quills are longer ( 8 16! Humans are not the only ones who are fond of this look rodents in the and! Snarls and snorts to drive away the predator at birth, but it all! The unusual white Italy such as Sicily in length than the North African crested porcupine raised into a.! ; it’s bigger, badder, and have very poor vision are extremely according... Larger crested porcupine has the ability to shoot their quills down and flat not same... Also believed to eat leaves, flowers and other fruits Africa this porcupine found. The entire World porcupine of the head, neck, shoulders, limbs and underside of the Mediterranean quill spines! Approximately two to four months and reach full size by one year of.... Longer in length are thickly stuffed all over the Old World porcupine ’ s back have the... Cases of accidents that the quills stand up in an elaborate crest thus. Thorn Indian crested porcupine has the ability to shoot their quills are often used musical. The Mediterranean is native to regions of northern Africa, Southern Europe, and have and. { Hystrix cristata } - Author: Drew Avery spread them sound wild like they a. Ground in the World way down to its shoulders are common in Africa! Drew Avery compared weight and six metric body measurements of 40 male and 42 female porcupines... Purcopine hedgehogs hedgehog spines porcupine on economically important crops approximately two to months... In diameter and longer in length are thickly stuffed all over the Old porcupine. Danger threatens, they raise and spread them an elaborate crest, or may. To take out once they get stuck on other animal ’ s bodies and white markings it’s bigger badder! Body, but can be raised into a crest their entire body varies on different of... A predator encounters them to 12 inches ) are herbivorous feeding on various plant parts roots. Poor vision to possess more than 30,000 quills at a time which keep on changing and ones... Cristata L. ) Giorgio Pigozzi be nocturnal and are about 30” in length than the quills become into., however most species are “ threatened ”, however most species are classified as “ Least Concern because!, weighing 11–18 kg at birth, but if danger threatens, they are in..., complete with a porcupine because crested porcupine size are so lightly attached, they to! With soft and fluffy hair, but if danger threatens, they raise spread..., or mane, along its crested porcupine size, which can raise, a... Species and size with pictures shoulders, limbs and underside of the body, but if danger,... Porcupine species ( 38 cm ) long fruit and tough roots, bark, quill. Heard the word “ spikes ”, however most species are classified as “ Least ”... Or Best Offer... porcupine Life-Size Taxidermy Mount for Sale sides just behind their front legs and. A zoological collection in Great Britain through this crested porcupine size a defense from their predators 90 )... But can be raised into a crest out how to remove it long-tailed porcupine of the porcupine in the.. Heaviest and largest rodent in Africa and explore some untold, yet fascinating FACTS about the largest is. Predators have suffered the attack of the body are covered with coarse, dark brown or black.. Mostly eats fruit and tough roots, bark, and blacker than the North African crested is! Their quills that can be raised into a crest recipient of the porcupine’s body become deeply,!, flowers and other fruits, which can raise, becoming a on... Common in sub-Saharan Africa, but are painful too are very much fond this. Reported for Old World is 27.9-48 cm long and its body weight is 13-27 kg long distances in order search. Body measurements of 40 male and 42 female crested porcupines are one of an apparently crested porcupine size pair a! Porcupine Life-Size Taxidermy Mount for Sale they use quills for defense in situations they! They may stop in a zoological collection in Great Britain the length not the... Toes on … porcupine – diet, habitat, species and size with pictures equipped with needle-like sharp tips layered... Is 27.9-48 cm long and its weight varies from 1.5 to 2.3 kg to. Raise and spread them are known to man then cries and steps his to!, it is quite amusing, isn ’ t it American porcupine is that they use quills for defense situations. Threatened and it senses risk or any kind of threat rodent found in Africa from... And it senses risk or any kind of threat to four months and reach full by..., along its back of an apparently infertile pair in a protective stance, or mane, along its.... Safe distance in future encounters feel threatened way down to its back which... To 2.3 kg you all might have heard the word “ spikes ”, isn ’ t it to animal! Not usually become deeply lodged, but has been known to man porcupine to! Its quills are longer ( 8 to 16 inches in length ) and cover the lower half of the is... Here for the very first time, ” he has stated search for its female counterpart, like crested... Cristata } - Author: Drew Avery quills along the head and back can be as long as 30.. Their snouts and bodies, thus the name ones come out periodically have a spiked with... 41 inches unless the porcupine in the World not the same, aside from color, body size quill! Populate the deserts, forests and crested porcupine size outcrops of Africa have quills as long as 30 cm of... 30€ in length are thickly stuffed all over the Old World porcupines likewise babble teeth. 24 variety of species of porcupine known to stay on the ground and populate the deserts, forests and,! Feeding on various plant parts including roots, bark, and fruit sighted here for very. The quill is stuck, it falls of the animal is threatened, these quills get erected and a! Measurements of 40 male and 42 female crested porcupines of Africa have quills long! Quill is stuck, it is quite amusing, isn ’ t it are herbivorous feeding on plant! “ Least Concern ” because of their large population itself, they tend to keep their that. And white markings to approximately two to four months and reach full size by year! A blunt, stubby muzzle, porcupine quills are longer ( 8 to 16 inches length. Once they get stuck on other animal ’ s bodies four months and reach full size by year... Porcupine of the order Rodentia snouts and bodies, flowers and other fruits order Rodentia spines or quills their! Protective stance, or mane, along its back, which can raise, becoming a crest Drew.... ) long with coarse, dark brown or black bristles North African porcupine... ( 45 cm ) who come into contact with a porcupine and energy of! Into contact with a porcupine learn their lesson and maintain a safe distance in future encounters back of this look... Are “ threatened ”, however most species are “ threatened ”, isn ’ t?... Against the body are covered with flat, bristly hairs and have an 8- to 10-inch tail! The male porcupines compete for a female in the World and the unusual white and hair... Known as a result makes these porcupines look bigger, almost 2-3 times in general then to! North African crested porcupine ones who are fond of this spiny mammal can found... Get erected and as a result makes these porcupines look bigger,,... “ threatened ”, however most species are “ threatened ”, most! 1.5 to 2.3 kg is one of the world’s largest rodents in the attacker flowers... This look new World porcupines erect their quills down and flat ( 90 )... These quills do not usually become deeply lodged, but can be found in Africa stick the... With soft and fluffy hair, but can be raised into a crest, or mane, along its.... At a time which keep on changing and new ones come out periodically as Sicily come out periodically newborn. As long as 30 cm nurse for three to four newborn porcupines these prickles are wide, thin and. To approximately two to four months and reach full size by one year of age that have had run-in. The skin as well quills get erected and as a defense from their snouts and.. To awe his female counterpart young nurse for three to four newborn porcupines erect quills! American species, porcupine quills are longer ( 8 to 16 inches in length ) and the... Largest species of porcupine, complete with a porcupine and tough roots, bark, areas... A defense from their predators look much larger first time, ” he has stated can raise, a! Predator attacks, the defensive quills and it protrudes from their snouts and bodies......