One metaphor that has been disputed is Jesus Christ’s calling the apostle Peter “rock”: “You are Peter, and on this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell will not prevail against it” (Matt. Catechism of the Catholic Church 2nd Edition 1994 “There [John 6:68–69] speaks Peter, upon whom the Church would be built, teaching in the name of the Church and showing that even if a stubborn and proud multitude withdraws because it does not wish to obey, yet the Church does not withdraw from Christ” (ibid., 66[69]:8). At the same time, though, the Roman church did not, by any means, “rule” over Christianity in general, not in the way that the Vatican rules over Catholic churches today. . Indeed, the others were that also which Peter was [i.e., apostles], but a primacy is given to Peter, whereby it is made clear that there is but one Church and one chair. Eventually, the Bishops of Rome began to assert themselves as the leaders of an emerging institutional organization, but very few other Bishops did anything other than pay them lip service. I would suggest you study the early church Fathers, Ignatius of Antioch (2nd or 3rd bishop of Antioch, after Peter the Apostle), Study Martin Luther (who rightly credits the … No, he is not. permission to publish this work is hereby granted. As such, Catholicism is the largest Christian ecclesiastical body in the world. Instead, its foundation was a process that lasted centuries and does not have any firm single date for its founding. Then we’ve got a false gospel. “[Jesus said:] ‘Simon, my follower, I have made you the foundation of the holy Church. Origins of the Roman Catholic Church . © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages. The Catholic Church claims that Jesus conferred on Peter and his successors supreme power in faith and morals over all the other Apostles and over every Christian in the Church. Much of what has become Christian theology originated not with Jesus, but with Paul, through his writings. . Instead, its foundation was a process that lasted centuries and does not have any firm single date for its founding. Though Jesus, in the eyes of Catholics, delegates Peter as the leader of his apostles and the future church in Matthew 16:18, a large organization with a clear head in the Bishop of Rome, the Pope, that espoused the theology that is the core of today's Catholic Church was most certainly not founded by him. has placed the principal charge on the blessed Peter, chief of all the apostles. “Wherefore the most holy and blessed Leo, archbishop of the great and elder Rome, through us, and through this present most holy synod, together with the thrice blessed and all-glorious Peter the apostle, who is the rock and foundation of the Catholic Church, and the foundation of the orthodox faith, has stripped him [Dioscorus] of the episcopate” (Acts of the Council, session 3 [A.D. 451]). . Jesus’s naming of Peter contradicts human reason. “But what is his error . Because of this alone, it is important to have an accurate understanding of the Roman Catholic Church… . From Peter and Paul's time onwards, those who followed the various teachings of Jesus transmitted from various sources encompassed a wide range of disparate and often incompatible beliefs, structures and leaders. These critics also neglect the fact that Jesus spoke Aramaic, and, as John 1:42 tells us, in everyday life he actually referred to Peter as Kepha or Cephas (depending on how it is transliterated). 16:18, 1 Cor. The eleven other apostles did not start any other churches. The Catholic Church proclaims itself to be the church that Jesus Christ died for, the church that was established and built by the apostles. The start of the church involved Jews in Jerusalem, but the church soon spread to other people groups. The bBible also tells not to eat of the flesh nor drink of the blood. that it ought to be announced that . 2:20, 1 Pet. The language of Peter's primacy, in Scripture, is no mere "primacy of honor." On him [Peter] he builds the Church, and to him he gives the command to feed the sheep [John 21:17], and although he assigns a like power to all the apostles, yet he founded a single chair [cathedra], and he established by his own authority a source and an intrinsic reason for that unity. If you read the Bible you will find that the first church was referred to as Christians. The answer provided by Simon Peter set in motion the formation of the Catholic Church by Jesus. He said: “Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build My Church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it… Feed my lambs; feed My sheep” (Matt. the holy Roman Church has not been placed at the forefront [of the churches] by the conciliar decisions of other churches, but has received the primacy by the evangelic voice of our Lord and Savior, who says: ‘You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell will not prevail against it; and I will give to you the keys of the kingdom of heaven. So while the church may live on in a much different form than its early beginnings, the Spirit remains the glue between Jesus and his church. We have seen it at every stage of the Church’s history–in the councils, in the Fathers, in the Acts and the epistles, in the Gospels, where it … 16:19]” (collected in Cyprian’s Letters74[75]:16 [A.D. 253]). We have seen it at every stage of the Church’s history–in the councils, in the Fathers, in the Acts and the epistles, in the Gospels, where it was conferred by Christ himself. 2:5–6, Rev. Where Peter is, there is the Church. St. You are the head of the fountain from which my teaching flows; you are the chief of my disciples’” (Homilies 4:1 [A.D. 351]). See Acts 15, where the advice of James, and not that of Peter, was followed. “‘But,’ you [Jovinian] will say, ‘it was on Peter that the Church was founded’ [Matt. “I follow no leader but Christ and join in communion with none but your blessedness [Pope Damasus I], that is, with the chair of Peter. . Then we’ve got a false gospel. Is Peter the rock on which the Church is built? No, Jesus Christ started the Church (CCC* 770-780) and Peter was the prince of the Apostles (CCC* 816). As we will see, Peter himself did not have the stability or the stature to be the foundation rock upon which the eternal church of Christ was to be built. The Church considers its bishops to be the successors to Jesus's apostles and the Church's leader, the Bishop of Rome (also known as the Pope), to be the sole successor to Saint Peterwho ministered in Rome in the first century AD after his appointment by Jesus as head of t… The Catholic Church is an ancient religious institution boasting over a billion members worldwide. Peter therefore, cannot be the primary rock on which Jesus will build his church. Saint Peter (r. AD 30; died between AD 64 and 68) also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, Simon (/ ˈ s aɪ m ə n / ()), Cephas, or Peter the Apostle, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and one of the first leaders of the early Church. Peter was one of the Twelve Apostles, all chosen by Jesus to be the foundation of his Church. One of the foundational dogmas of the Catholic church is that the current Pope, in an unbroken chain, has received their authority to rule the church directly from the apostle Peter.. You are teaching people to follow the Catholic Church. The Samaritans were evangelized by Philip in Acts 8. Because the Church, according to the Creed, is One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic, an argument can be made for identifying the very beginning of the Church to the moment when Jesus’s words to Simon Peter in Matthew’s gospel first mention the concept? No, he is not. “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.” With this answer, Jesus established the Catholic Church with Simon Peter designated the first Pope. 21:14). That statement is fair. . “You cannot deny that you are aware that in the city of Rome the episcopal chair was given first to Peter; the chair in which Peter sat, the same who was head—that is why he is also called Cephas [‘Rock’]—of all the apostles; the one chair in which unity is maintained by all” (The Schism of the Donatists 2:2 [A.D. 367]). . Below, read about the role of Peter, Paul, Constantine and the overall process of the Catholic Church's foundation. They all became bishops of the Catholic Church. However, even a child can understand that "treat others as you want to be treated" could not possibly mean "take away the civil rights from law-abiding, taxpaying gay Americans" which is what the Church teaches today. Then we’ve got a false gospel. I was just hoping to see if they had some historical proof or maybe even if they could quote one of The Church Fathers as stating this. But such critics almost invariably distort (willingly or unwittingly) the known facts in order to do so. . The Church Fathers, those Christians closest to the apostles in time, culture, and theological background, clearly understood that Jesus promised to build the Church on Peter, as the following passages show. 16:18] with the power of ‘loosing and binding in heaven and on earth’ [Matt. Is Peter the rock on which the Church is built? 16:18], can be learned from this, which Christ said to Peter alone: ‘Whatever things you shall bind on earth shall be bound also in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth, they shall be loosed in heaven’ [Matt. Then we’ve got a false gospel. Question: "What is the origin of the Roman Catholic Church?" If someone does not hold fast to this unity of Peter, can he imagine that he still holds the faith? Whether you’re studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers. He received his Master of Science in peace operations from George Mason University's School of Public Policy in 2011. 3:11, Eph. “Simon Cephas answered and said, ‘You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.’ Jesus answered and said unto him, ‘Blessed are you, Simon, son of Jonah: flesh and blood has not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. Many Christians know that the Catholic church is a total fallacy as it has no right to even exist as whilst Peter later became a preacher, he was never commissioned to even do anything other than to carry out the Great Commission along with all the other members of the first church. The contemporary Catholic Church says that it is the continuation of the early Christian community established by Jesus. St. Peter the Apostle, original name Simeon or Simon, (died 64 ce, Rome [Italy]), disciple of Jesus Christ, recognized in the early Christian church as the leader of the 12 disciples and by the Roman Catholic Church as the first of its unbroken succession of popes. . “[T]he Lord said to Peter, ‘On this rock I will build my Church, I have given you the keys of the kingdom of heaven [and] whatever you shall have bound or loosed on earth will be bound or loosed in heaven’ [Matt. “Some” Christians believe that Peter is the creator of their Church and state that Peter established The Catholic Church (not “a” Catholic Church) in Antioch and that he ruled The Church from Antioch. As of 2018, this number is 266, with the current Pope beginning his reign in 2013. Essentially, as accepted today, it unites all Catholics in a common faith as a profession of core beliefs. If you believe that Roman Catholic Church's view on it, the Roman Catholic Church was built on St. Peter per Matthew 16:18. They all became bishops of the Catholic Church. Chris Jackson of The Remnant has provided another excellent article on the reasons why the Church adopted the Latin language in her liturgy, decrees, and official communications. The Catholic Church claims He did through St. Peter. A significant part of the initial spread and missionary work was by Paul (Jewish Pharisee). 16:18]. . Because the Church, according to the Creed, is One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic, an argument can be made for identifying the very beginning of the Church to the moment when Jesus’s words to Simon Peter in Matthew’s gospel first mention the concept? As we will see, Peter himself did not have the stability or the stature to be the foundation rock upon which the eternal church of Christ was to be built. 14:31]” (Homilies on Exodus 5:4 [A.D. 248]). Peter is given crucial duties and responsibilities and authorized to carry them out. And I say unto thee also, that you are Cephas, and on this rock will I build my Church; and the gates of hades shall not prevail against it” (The Diatesseron 23 [A.D. 170]). “There is one God and one Christ, and one Church, and one chair founded on Peter by the word of the Lord. 16:18). “[Pope] Stephen [I] . I did so myself, in my Protestant days. 16:19]?” (Demurrer Against the Heretics 22 [A.D. 200]). “It is to Peter that he says: ‘You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church’ [Matt. The crucial question is that of authority. In the world today only one Church, the Catholic Church, with its center in Rome, fills the bill. From Jesus, the Twelve received the mandate to preach the Gospel to all nations. To ignore the Church, one effectively ignores Christ. Roman Catholicism itself maintains that the Roman Catholic Church was established by Christ when he gave direction to the Apostle Peter as the head of the church. 16:18], that the building of the eternal temple might rest on Peter’s solid rock, strengthening his Church so surely that neither could human rashness assail it nor the gates of hell prevail against it” (Letters 10:1 [A.D. 445]). Today, Roman Catholic (Latin Rite) Catholics are celibate. Peter denied the Lord during the trial of Christ. The Catholic Church was not founded by any one person or any two people. Some have tried to argue that Jesus did not mean that his Church would be built on Peter but on something else. . NIHIL OBSTAT: I have concluded that the materials Roman Catholicism itself maintains that the Roman Catholic Church was established by Christ when he gave direction to the Apostle Peter as the head of the church. . Saint Peter (r. AD 30; died between AD 64 and 68) also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, Simon (/ ˈ s aɪ m ə n / ()), Cephas, or Peter the Apostle, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and one of the first leaders of the early Church. 16:18–19]. If they should wish to build what is false, you, the foundation, will condemn them. However, in the Eastern catholic Church, like the Orthodox Church, married men can be considered for ordination to the diaconate and to the priesthood. By this time the location of Simon Magus' remains was probably forgotten, or the papacy by then believed that the grave was indeed Peter's and that Peter was the founder of the Catholic Church. Answer: The Roman Catholic Church contends that its origin is the death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ in approximately AD 30. According to the Catholic tradition, the history of the Catholic Church begins with Jesus Christ and his teachings (c. 4 BC – c. AD 30) and the Catholic Church is a continuation of the early Christian community established by the Disciples of Jesus. Bernadeane Carr, STL, Censor Librorum, August 10, 2004, IMPRIMATUR: In accord with 1983 CIC 827 At the head of the Twelve, Jesus placed Peter. . ’ [Matt. The First Pope: St. Peter (circa A.D early 60s) After 800 years of kisses, (including a peck from Queen Sofia of Spain, pictured in the photo), the big toe of this statue of St. Peter has been rubbed down to a stump. Anyone who is not in the ark of Noah will perish when the flood prevails” (Letters 15:2 [A.D. 396]). Peter denied the Lord during the trial of Christ. https://www.desiringgod.org/articles/where-did-the-pope-come-from He did indeed found it on the rock of Peter, but Peter and the apostles are to be always guided by, strengthened by, and accountable to … By his own admission, he was a Pharisee. “The Lord says to Peter: ‘I say to you,’ he says, ‘that you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell will not overcome it. . Catholic tradition celebrates Peter as the first Bishop of Rome and the father of the papacy. And to you I will give the keys of the kingdom of heaven . . The correct answer to you question is “Yes, the bible did come from the Catholics”. According to the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia, there have been an unbroken line of 256 popes from 1903 A.D. back to Peter. The first see, therefore, is that of Peter the apostle, that of the Roman Church, which has neither stain nor blemish nor anything like it” (Decree of Damasus 3 [A.D. 382]). . who does not remain on the foundation of the one Church which was founded upon the rock by Christ [Matt. And Peter (unlike James son of Zebedee) is miraculously delivered from prison and martyrdom (Acts 12:1-18). The start of the church involved Jews in Jerusalem, but the church soon spread to other people groups. At God’s behest, Peter admits the first gentiles to the Church (Acts 10-11). “Our Lord Jesus Christ . Origins of the Roman Catholic Church . . . The article was written in 1919 by Father John Francis Sullivan and it is found in chapter XIX in the book, The Externals of the Catholic Church. Why did Christ chose Peter, an uncultured man prone to failure, as a foundation on which to build his church? Also, Saint Peter did not start the Catholic Church. “[Christ] made answer: ‘You are Peter, and upon this rock will I build my Church. In establishing the Twelve Apostles with Peter at their head, Jesus gave the Church the basic structure of its leadership. One metaphor that has been disputed is Jesus Christ’s calling the apostle Peter “rock”: “You are Peter, and on this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell will not prevail against it” (Matt. Paul may have had even more influence among contemporary Christians than did Peter, and he certainly brought Christianity more converts than Peter. And where the Church is, no death is there, but life eternal” (Commentary on Twelve Psalms of David 40:30 [A.D. 389]). boasts of the place of his episcopate, and contends that he holds the succession from Peter, on whom the foundations of the Church were laid [Matt. The Samaritans were evangelized by Philip in Acts 8. Giorgio Cosulich/Getty Images News/Getty Images, The Closing of the Western Mind: The Rise of Faith and the Fall of Reason, by Charles Freeman, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops: Catechism of the Catholic Church. . No, Jesus Christ started the Church (CCC* 770-780) and Peter was the prince of the Apostles (CCC* 816). But Christ did not mean, as the Roman Catholics say he did, to exalt Peter to supreme authority above all the other apostles, or to say that he was the only one upon whom he would rear his church. “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah. You may have found a Roman Catholic friend who claims that Peter founded the church in … “[Simon Peter said to Simon Magus in Rome:] ‘For you now stand in direct opposition to me, who am a firm rock, the foundation of the Church’ [Matt. One of the foundational dogmas of the Catholic church is that the current Pope, in an unbroken chain, has received their authority to rule the church directly from the apostle Peter.. one among the twelve is chosen to be their head in order to remove any occasion for division” (Against Jovinian 1:26 [A.D. 393]). 16:18]. In a word, no. In fact, the decision to remain celibate occurs before the ordination to the diaconate and cannot be changed. Catechism of the Catholic Church 2nd Edition 1994 Catholic tradition celebrates Peter as the first Bishop of Rome and the father of the papacy. It is not a specific “Catholic Church” versus some other church. The First Pope: St. Peter (circa A.D early 60s) After 800 years of kisses, (including a peck from Queen Sofia of Spain, pictured in the photo), the big toe of this statue of St. Peter has been rubbed down to a stump. The New Testament contains five different metaphors for the foundation of the Church (Matt. I would suggest you study the early church Fathers, Ignatius of Antioch (2nd or 3rd bishop of Antioch, after Peter the Apostle), Study Martin Luther (who rightly credits the … And what does our Lord say to him? The Catholic Church proclaims itself to be the church that Jesus Christ died for, the church that was established and built by the apostles. . Question: "What is the origin of the Roman Catholic Church?" 8:14; I Cor. . … In this order of succession a Donatist bishop is not to be found” (Letters 53:1:2 [A.D. 412]). Well, the Catholic Church was started by Jesus (Jewish, though, in Christian Christology, also God) through the authority he gave to Peter (Jewish) and the apostles (all Jewish). 3:11, Eph. announces that he holds by succession the throne of Peter” (ibid., 74[75]:17). [Pope] Stephen . 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