[20] In the 1940s, Opus Dei found an early critic in the Jesuit Superior General Wlodimir Ledóchowski, who told the Vatican that he considered Opus Dei "very dangerous for the Church in Spain," citing its "secretive character" and calling it "a form of Christian Masonry. Introvigne, Massimo (May 1994). Tales of God, Blood, Money and Faith" Collins & Brown. [132], Opus Dei is not "elitist" in the sense in which people often invoke the term, meaning an exclusively white-collar phenomenon, concluded John Allen. [89][115] In 2002, Pope John Paul II canonized Escrivá, and called him "the saint of ordinary life. Schall, James, S.J. Jose Casanova, Julian Herranz, En las afueras de Jericó: recuerdos de los años con san Josemaría y Juan Pablo II, Rialp 2008, Opus Dei: An Objective Look Behind the Myths and Reality of the Most Controversial Force in the Catholic Church, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Guadalupe Ortiz de Landázuri Fernández de Heredia, "Opus Dei (Personal Prelature) [Catholic-Hierarchy]", "Address of John Paul II in Praise of St. Josemaría, Founder of Opus Dei". "[47], The biblical roots of this Catholic doctrine, according to the founder, are in the phrase "God created man to work" (Gen 2:15) and Jesus's long life as an ordinary carpenter in a small town. These universities usually perform very high in international rankings. There have also been allegations that Escrivá expressed sympathy for Adolf Hitler. [101] In contrast, Catholic officials say that Church authorities have even greater control of Opus Dei now that its head is a prelate appointed by the Pope,[102] and its status as a prelature "precisely means dependence. [109] Francis beatified Alvaro del Portillo, the successor of Escrivá. [90] After the Second Vatican Council concluded in 1965, Pope Paul VI denied Opus Dei's petition to become a personal prelature, Moncada stated. Other main features of Opus Dei, according to its official literature, are: freedom, respecting choice and taking personal responsibility; and charity, love of God above all and love of others. [citation needed], In Pope John Paul II's 1982 decree known as the Apostolic constitution Ut Sit, Opus Dei was established as a personal prelature, a new official structure of the Catholic Church, similar to a diocese in that it contains lay people and secular priests who are led by a bishop. [111] Various authors and researchers state that Escrivá was staunchly non-political, and detested dictatorships. These journalists have stated that the historic roots of criticisms against Opus Dei can be found in influential clerical circles. [149], Opus Dei has been accused of deceptive and aggressive recruitment practices,[149] such as showering potential members with intense praise ("Love bombing"),[126][150] and instructing numeraries to form friendships and attend social gatherings explicitly for recruiting purposes. [7] John Paul II made it a personal prelature in 1982 by the apostolic constitution Ut sit; that is, the jurisdiction of its own bishop covers the persons in Opus Dei wherever they are, rather than geographical dioceses. Definition of Opus Dei in the Definitions.net dictionary. [15] Throughout his life, Escrivá held that the founding of Opus Dei had a supernatural character. Sektenähnliche Verhältnisse hielt er dem Werk seinerzeit vor. The Opus Dei menace is homing in on gay wedding planners, according to blogger Bob Geiger, of Democrats.com. Bishop Echevarría died on 12 December 2016,[32] and was succeeded by Msgr. [8][page needed], In accordance with Catholic theology, membership is granted when a vocation, or divine calling is presumed to have occurred. [137] Opus Dei spokespersons also deny claims that Opus Dei members worked with General Pinochet. [126] Exit counselor David Clark has described Opus Dei as "very cult-like". [126], Critics assert that Escrivá and the organization supported radical right-wing governments, such as those of Franco, Augusto Pinochet[151][152] and Alberto Fujimori[153] of Peru during the 1990s. [61] The first Prelate of Opus Dei was Álvaro del Portillo, who held the position from 1982 until his death in 1994. Pope Benedict XVI has been a particularly strong supporter of Opus Dei and of Escrivá. Opus Dei has been attacked and its motives misunderstood. 34). [136] He and others have stated that Escrivá condemned Hitler as a "rogue", a "racist" and a "tyrant". Fernando Ocáriz. [86], In the 1950s, Pope Pius XII told the most senior Australian bishop, Cardinal Norman Gilroy, that Escrivá "is a true saint, a man sent by God for our times". [4] Opus Dei is Latin for "Work of God"; hence the organization is often referred to by members and supporters as the Work.[5][6]. [8][page needed], The Cooperators of Opus Dei are non-members who collaborate in some way with Opus Dei—usually through praying, charitable contributions, or by providing some other assistance. It received final approval from the Vatican in 1950 and began growing in many countries around the world. This, for me, is a message of greatest importance. For example, Opus Dei's position has been "to oppose sexual freedoms and promote conservative morals," according to an investigative report produced by the advocacy group Catholics for Choice. [44][45] Opus Dei teaches that work not only contributes to social progress but is "a path to holiness",[46] and its founder advised people to: "Sanctify your work. Luciani, Albino (John Paul I) (25 July 1978). [129][130], Allen, Messori, and Plunkett also state that accusations that Opus Dei is secretive are unfounded. The Opus Dei menace is homing in on gay wedding planners, according to blogger Bob Geiger, of Democrats.com. Members of Opus Dei lead ordinary lives, with traditional families and secular careers,[40] and strive to "sanctify ordinary life". The men's General Congress also elects the Prelate from a list of candidates chosen by their female counterparts. [15], Pope Francis is "the first Pope who has dealt with Opus Dei closely as a bishop",[105] and according to James V. Schall, S.J., is a "friend of Opus Dei. He couldn't have killed six million [Jews]. "[104] In the analysis of John Allen, Pope Francis' strong dislike for clericalism, which he calls "one of the worst evils" in the Church is a key factor for "what Francis admires about Opus Dei, since Escrivá’s emphasis on the dignity of the laity was a challenge to the ultra-clerical ethos of Spanish Catholicism in the late 1920s. "[103] Allen says that Escrivá's relatively quick canonization does not have anything to do with power but with improvements in procedures and John Paul II's decision to make Escrivá's sanctity and message known. (Matthew 11:28–30)[37][38], Opus Dei does not have monks or nuns, and only a minority of its members are priests. [64] These figures do not include the priest members of Opus Dei's Priestly Society of the Holy Cross, estimated to number 2,000 in the year 2005. "[160], As members of Opus Dei are Catholics, Opus Dei has been subjected to the same criticisms targeted to Catholicism in general. Also members are expected to make a day-trip pilgrimage where they recite 3 5-decade rosaries on the month of May in honor of Mary. Bishop Echevarría died on 12 December 2016,[32] and was succeeded by Msgr. Aside from Escrivá (canonized in 2002), Alvaro del Portillo (beatified in 2014), and Guadalupe Ortiz de Landázuri Fernández de Heredia[164] (beatified in 2019) there are a number of members of Opus Dei who have been proposed for beatification: Personal Prelature of the Catholic Church, Escrivá surrounded by working people, in a, [Don Alvaro del Portillo Beatified in Madrid, Josemaria Escrivá, Letter 14 February 1964, 1 quoted in, The editio typica of the Statutes is given in Latin on the Opus Dei webpage. [9] About 70% of Opus Dei members live in their private homes, leading family lives with secular careers,[10][11] while the other 30% are celibate, of whom the majority live in Opus Dei centers. "[2] Thus, the founder and his followers describe members of Opus Dei as resembling the members of the early Christian Church—ordinary workers who seriously sought holiness with nothing exterior to distinguish them from other citizens. One of Opus Dei's most prominent supporters was Pope John Paul II. Opus Dei, formally known as the Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei (Latin: Praelatura Sanctae Crucis et Operis Dei), is an institution of the Catholic Church which teaches that everyone is called to holiness and that ordinary life is a path to sanctity. These journalists have stated that the historic roots of criticisms against Opus Dei can be found in influential clerical circles. After the civil war was won by General Francisco Franco, Escrivá was able to return to Madrid. [48] Escrivá, who stressed the Christian's duty to follow Christ's example, also points to the gospel account that Jesus "has done everything well" (Mk 7:37). Luciani, Albino (John Paul I) (25 July 1978). [67][138] Allen wrote that, compared with other Catholic organizations, Opus Dei's stress on freedom and personal responsibility is extraordinarily strong. [155][156] One former Opus Dei priest, Vladimir Felzmann, who has become a vocal Opus Dei critic, says that Escrivá once remarked that Hitler had been "badly treated" by the world and he further declared that "Hitler couldn't have been such a bad person. "[104] In the analysis of John Allen, Pope Francis' strong dislike for clericalism, which he calls "one of the worst evils" in the Church is a key factor for "what Francis admires about Opus Dei, since Escrivá’s emphasis on the dignity of the laity was a challenge to the ultra-clerical ethos of Spanish Catholicism in the late 1920s. Dies sind Winkel, Zirkel, Hammer und die Kelle. "Of Saintly Timber". [67][131][132], As to its alleged participation in right-wing politics, especially the Francoist regime, distinguished British historians Paul Preston and Brian Crozier state that the Opus Dei members who were Franco's ministers were appointed for their talent and not for their Opus Dei membership. Die Auflistung erfolgt nach Kategorien unterteilt und alphabetisch. [96] Stating that Escrivá is "counted among the great witnesses of Christianity," John Paul II canonized him in 2002, and called him "the saint of ordinary life. [161] The report further cites a study from sociologist Marco Burgos alleging Opus Dei interference in sex education programs in Honduras that contradict the Catholic faith. Opus Dei, formally known as the Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei (Latin: Praelatura Sanctae Crucis et Operis Dei), is an institution of the Catholic Church which teaches that everyone is called to holiness and that ordinary life is a path to sanctity. 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