Drought tolerance is the ability to survive a drought. It is established from sod. A slow-growing grass for full sun to partial shade, Zoysia grass is exotic looking with dark green, thick, and succulent foliage. When it comes to zoysia varieties, zoysia is still pretty shade tolerant for a warm season grass, but their shade tolerance ranks second to that of St. Augustine’s. In comparison to drought tolerance, drought resistance is the ability to look good during drought. Specific zoysia and St. Augustine varieties may differ, but they generally fall pretty close to their generic mowing heights. Houston Grass, All Rights Reserved. A stolon is an above-the-ground stem that creeps along the surface of the soil and subsequently grows a clone of the original plant on the end of it. There are also outliers like Palmetto, a semi-dwarf St. Augustine, which should be mowed at a height of 1.5–2.5 inches. Both Zoysia and St. Augustine grass offer a beautiful ground cover with reasonable maintenance needs. It does not perform as well in shaded areas. The finer-bladed zoysias don’t tolerate wear as well and aren’t as fast at recovering compared to the wider-bladed zoysias. Avoid mowing at heights higher than recommended. In addition, JaMur is considered a much-improved replacement for other Zoysia cultivars, including El Toro, Meyer, Palisades, Empire, & Crown. Zoysias tend to perform best in soils with a pH between 5.8–7.0. A: It is true that zoysia is more shade tolerant than bermudagrass – – but it needs at least four hours of direct sunshine or eight hours of very bright reflected light to thrive. Pictured above from left to right: Zorro, El Toro, Palisades and Meyer Zoysia. For more information on the differing soil types, be sure to take a look at our Soil Management for Lawns and Gardens blog. St. Augustine (Raleigh): Pros: Very shade tolerant, but still requires 3-4 hours of intermittent sunlight Dark Green and Drought Tolerant Salt Tolerance is the high Recuperates quickly from stresses and damage “Stays above the problem” with thick, heavy surface stolens Moderate fertilization – mow every 7 days A good “plugging” grass. Finer-bladed zoysias, such as Innovation and Geo Zoysia, are more shade tolerant that the thicker-bladed zoysias like EMPIRE. While Zoysia grass is often marketed as being more drought tolerant than St. Augustine grass, Zoysia requires just as much water in terms of frequency and volume as St. Augustine to remain green and attractive. St. Augustine is the most popular, Sandri says, because it tolerates shade well. Invest in your lawn with Lawnifi Liquid Fertilizer. I have EMPIRE zoysia out under a shade tree that gets probably 3 hours of direct sunlight per day. St. Augustines, however, are more prone to pests like chinch bugs, white grub worms, sod webworms or fall armyworms that love to feed on the grass blades and roots. CitraBlue and Palmetto® St. Augustine are the best grasses for shade. We are open! Call 281-431-7441 for answers to your questions and a quick quote for your project. There are less choices for weed control than with Zoysia, but St. Augustine is more tolerant of our clay based acidic soils. Grow Your Best Lawn with Weekly Lawn Care Tips, Tricks and Advice, During COVID-19 Sod Solutions is Open and Shipping Products -. It should be known that St. Augustines are the most shade tolerant warm season turfgrass varieties available. Shade Tolerance. Zoysia grass vs. St. Augustine for heavy shade. Each variety of grass requires different mowing heights to perform and looks its best. It can be grown in Central and West Texas with more supplemental irrigation. Hope this helps some. You need to dethatch it every … St. Augustines perform well in soils with a wider pH range that’s between 5.0–8.5, but St. Augustines need soils with good drainage to thrive. The wider-bladed zoysias are considered “very good” with wear tolerance and injury recovery. Since zoysias grow with both methods, they usually rank higher in wear tolerance, injury recovery and drought tolerance. It demonstrates superior shade, cold, frost, heat and drought tolerance. Take a look at some of our most popular insecticides below. Like Bermuda, it holds up well to foot traffic from people and pets. Zoysia is far slower to grow and fill up the lawn compared to Bermuda grass. St. Augustine Floratam is considered native to areas like South Florida and adapts well to most soils. Zoysia grasses, in particular, are usually more prone to insects like billbugs. Find the right grass for your location and needs. This grass has a fine, soft texture and can be left unmown as it only grows to a height of 6–12 inches (15–30 cm). JaMur needs less water and less fertilizer than other standard lawn grasses. Pictured above from left to right: Innovation Zoysia and CitraBlue St. Augustine. When it comes to zoysia varieties, zoysia is still pretty shade tolerant for a warm season grass, but their shade tolerance ranks second to that of St. Augustine’s. St. Augustines only spread through the above-the-ground runners, stolons. This particular Sod University blog focuses on the generic differences between zoysia and St. Augustine grasses. Most of the grass in the shaded sections of the yard is dead, and so I was thinking of putting new sod in. Although both zoysia grasses and St. Augustines require about one inch of water per week including rainfall, zoysia grass varieties have the ability to survive during a period of drought. Make no doubt about it Saint Augustine shade tolerance is superior to all Zoysia varieties and far more aggressive in growth rates. Most St. Augustines have a blade width of 8–9 mm, but superior St. Augustine varieties like CitraBlue have a blade width of 5–7 mm. So of your two choices: Palisade zoysia is not as shade tolerant as St Augustine. Turf expert Clint Waltz says “Emerald zoysiagrass doesn’t grow really strong in limited light conditions (i.e. Bermuda grass of any type has zero shade tolerance. Zoysia grasses are usually mowed at a height of .5–2 inches whereas St. Augustines are generally mowed at a height of 2–4 inches. Quote Price of Grass Sod for Your Project, Why Choose Palmetto St. Augustine Grass Sod, Open a PDF Copy of Our Tipsheet for Download, https://houstonturfgrass.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/Quality-Sets-Us-Apart-Houston-Grass-South-1.mp4, Click to download the Houston Grass Tip Sheet. St. Augustines are considered “good” with wear tolerance and injury recovery, although the superior variety, CitraBlue, has a better wear tolerance than most other St. Augustine varieties. shade). I have St. Augustine grass in my backyard. This helps you will have success with a wider variety of site and soil conditions. Zoysias, in comparison, only have a moderate salt tolerance. Both St. Augustine and zoysia require a certain amount of macro and micronutrients including nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, iron, manganese and sulfur. Just amount of vegetation per square inch is so high versus the St. Augustine, it’s going to wear down a lot slower. During periods of drought, zoysias go off-color with their natural dormancy mechanism. There are some superior varieties, like Innovation Zoysia, that are immune to the bluegrass billbug, however. Drought Tolerant. Zoysias and St. Augustines don’t only differ in color—they also differ in blade widths. Each cultivar of zoysia and St. Augustine performs differently as they were bred at different times with varying goals in mind. The fine-bladed Zoysia grasses are about as shade tolerant as the most shade tolerant St. Augustine grass we sell, which is Palmetto. Zoysia grass is drought and shade tolerant as well as slow growing. Zoysia and St. Augustine can perform well in a wide range of soil types and climates, but there are soil types that they perform better in than others. It grows vertically and is more dense. Believe me, Palisades Zoysia looks 100% better than St. Aug. You can learn more about some of the most popular of these in Popular Zoysia Varieties and Popular St. Augustine Grass Varieties. Spectracide Immunox Fungus + Insect Control. Zoysias and St. Augustines can be plagued by different insects, bugs and grubs including mole crickets, billbugs, armyworms, white grub worms, sod webworms, ants, grass spiders or spittlebugs. If shade is your number one problem…which it sounds like it may be, you may want to go with a shade tolerant St. Augustine like Palmetto. Zoysias have a thick, soft carpet with a stronger, medium-thick grass blade that produces a soft feel. Developed to over-take the St. Augustine market, Zoysia forms a dense turf that keeps weeds out and is relatively disease and insect free. CitraBlue St. Augustine is again an outlier in this particular category because CitraBlue’s drought tolerance is better than most St. Augustines. St. Aug in Front Yard and Zoysia in Back. Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time. The landscape guy recommended Zoysia in the well shaded sections of the yard and said it is better shade tolerant than St. Augustine. Zorro is rapidly replacing many St. Augustine and centipede lawns due to its great shade tolerance, durability, disease resistance and beauty. The grass developed from this research proves effective, but needs a bit more fertilizing than Zoysia grass. With proper nutrients and weekly mowing, St. Augustine gives dense, medium-green lawn that is lovely to behold. St. Augustine grass is the best choice for lawn grass in shade, but if too much shade is a problem, St. Augustine will struggle, thin and eventually fade away. I ordered a pallet of palisades zoysia for the back yard and 1.5 pallets of St Augustine for the front, and it all looks great and is establishing really nicely.The staff is very friendly and knowledgeable, and the videos and tips on the website are extremely helpful. For more general information on the seasonal maintenance required, check out our Zoysia Homeowner Maintenance Guide and St. Augustine Homeowner Maintenance Guide. Fescue vs. Zoysia Fescue or Zoysia Comparison Zoysia vs Fescue. Best Suited for Full-Sun or Shady Areas. JaMur Zoysia is a medium textured grass, similar in look to El Toro grass, but it’s a lot easier to manage. Moving onto the Saint Augustine varieties. This is why zoysia grasses can be found in golf courses instead of St. Augustines—zoysias are generally more durable. I'm curious as to how well Zoysia grass (in sod form) will hold up in an area that is well shaded vs. St. Augustine sod. Palmetto St. Augustine is the most shade tolerant of the St Augustine varieties. This makes Palisades ideal for shady lawns in the northern portions of the growing range for zoysia. In the Zoysia family, Emerald is the fine blade and Myers is the medium size blade. St. Augustines, in comparison, will hold color better than zoysias and have a higher drought resistance, but when they start to turn brown from a lack of water, they’re dying—not preserving themselves with dormancy. I have both. It requires re-seeding 1-2 times per year. EMPIRE is a beautiful grass but in the really shaded areas, it is thinner than the areas that get much sunlight. With more than two billion sq. This is a small back yard, facing east, with a large fence and two large shade trees blocking early and mid morning sun. St. Augustinegrass varieties include Ameri-shade, Delmar, Floratam, Palmetto, Raleigh, Sap-phire and Seville. Zoysia grass likes full sun and lots of rain. I think, when established, it looks like a neater, thicker, straighter St. Aug. My opinion. Subscribe to our e-newsletter below if you haven’t done so already to receive the latest updates from Sod University. Learn about Bermuda grass, zoysia grass, st augustine grass, and centipede grass. The same can be said with St. Augustine. I guess it also has, if you were comparing it to the St. Augustine, the Zoysias have some pretty decent shade tolerance. All zoysia grass performs best in full sun, but it tolerates light to moderate shade, with some tolerating these conditions better than others. SA will require more fertilizer and water, but less frequent mowing and a rotary mower can be used on any variety. Here’s the short and sweet of my research: Palisade Zoysia is the most shade tolerant of the zoysia and is currently only available in sod. Complete Program 9 Bottle Annual Fertilizer. Zoysia is able to handle shade better in hot, dry climates where fungus spores cannot spread easily. Get the perfect liquid fertilizer for your grass type. Although both grasses can encounter many different fungus outbreaks, the ones zoysias most frequently experience are brown spot, rust and leaf spot. It’s blades are medium sized not the fine variety that some Zoysia’s are. If you’re looking at all of ’em in a chart, the St. Augustine, the Zoysias are going to have better wear tolerance. It is best adapted in Southeast Texas. Of the two turfgrasses, St. Augustine grass is cheaper and easier to establish and maintain while zoysia is a little costlier with a much more frequent maintenance schedule. For example, EMPIRE® Zoysia has a dark green color whereas Palisades Zoysia has a much lighter green color. Under most other conditions, however, zoysia is the better option if you don’t mind your lawn going dormant during dry seasons. For either type of grass, it is a good idea to apply a systemic insecticide that is labeled to treat such insects preventatively before problems become out of hand. All these adaptive qualities taken together make St. Augustine an ideal choice for any homeowner, particularly those whose lawns have shaded areas that do not receive regular direct sunlight. You can learn more about some of the most common of these in our Insect Identification blog. There are many different turfgrass varieties to choose from when it comes to installing sod in a new home lawn. All zoysias spread via rhizomes and stolons. Finer-bladed zoysias, … St. Augustine-grass is less drought tolerant than bermudagrass or zoysiagrass. St. Augustine blade widths vary as well. Plus he said the grasses are similar looking and so mixing Zoysia with the existing St. Augustine will not look bad. Even the more desirable “turf type” Fescue is the heaviest maintenance lawn type for our area. Overall, St. Augustine blades are flat and broad and can form a dense layer of grass with a coarse feel. Zoysia is one of the most shade-tolerant warm-season grasses, although tolerance does not mean preference. Emerald Zoysia (Zoysia 'Emerald') is a cultivar of Zoysia grass with a thin bladed leaf that forms a very lush lawn. There’s so much vegetation and it’s so dense. They are usually better than zoysias at choking out weeds for this reason. Take a look at the list and images below to get a visual representation of what these grasses look like. It is the most shade-tolerant warm season grass, but it needs at least four to six hours of sun to thrive. Knowing which types of diseases these two grasses are more susceptible to will really help in preventing and treating any future outbreaks that may occur. And it’s got some shade … Be sure to read each label thoroughly before application. Although in ideal conditions, Zoysia can fully grow and cover the lawn in one year, but more often than not, it would take 2 to 3 years for its full growth and coverage. To learn more, check out our Lawn Mowing Guide. Learning about the different types of turfgrass varieties available is a great idea before making a commitment to a type of grass. Not thin-bladed like Bermuda . I think this is your problem. St. Augustine grass is coarse-textured with a very thick grass blade that rounds at the top and becomes more compacted towards the soil. The Palisade Zoysia seems to do real well with homeowners. It’s also important to note that there are a few big key differences between warm season and cool season varieties. Palisades Zoysia is only about as shade tolerant as Raleigh St. Augustine grass. ft. sold, Palmetto is the most purchased patented turfgrass in the world. Let me try to specify the light levels needed, in declining order, for the different turfgrasses. There are many types of St. Augustine and zoysia grass available to the homeowner, so a lot of these characteristics may vary depending on the cultivar of St. Augustine and zoysia selected for sod installation. Take a look at some of our top recommended products for these lawn diseases. It’s surprising that St Augustine is as popular as it is because it is actually not very drought hearty and it consumes quite a … It should be known that St. Augustines are the most shade tolerant warm season turfgrass varieties available. Lastly, be sure to check out the LawnifiTM liquid fertilizer program—the perfect fertilizer program for both zoysia and St. Augustine. Zoysia lawns are greyish-green in color with a fine texture while St. Augustine grass has a blue-green tint with a fairly coarse texture to its lawns. This is done by removing lower branches not thinning out the canopy. They are also more tolerant than St. Augustines of soils with poor drainage. Both zoysia and St. Augustine grasses are pretty shade tolerant compared to other turfgrass varieties. There are other zoysiagrass cultivar better adapted to shade and I … Zoysias typically rank higher in wear tolerance and injury recovery than St. Augustines. All three of these grasses are available from regional sod farms and the visual differences of these choices are great. Zoysia will perform well in all three of these soils whereas St. Augustine performs best in loamy and sandy soils. Rhizomes strike new roots downward into the soil and also shoot stems upwards. A rhizome runs underground horizontally—often just underneath the surface of the soil. St. Augustines have a much thicker blade than zoysia grasses. Pictured above: A St. Augustine stolon growing across the surface of the soil above ground. Aaron Kirk Google Review. Similarly to insects, both zoysia and St. Augustines, along with every other grass type, are prone to more diseases or fungus outbreaks than others. The most … Be sure to read each label thoroughly before application. St. Augustine also tends to have a higher salt tolerance than zoysias, so you will typically see more St. Augustines along the coasts or around areas high in salt content. Asked February 24, 2013, 10:22 AM EST. A lot of homeowners aren’t sure where to even start with this process. 419 Tifway (not such a pest to flower beds like common Bermuda) Celebration; St. Augustine: Sun, moderate shade. They are usually a blend of several hybrids that offer different qualities. The best you can do is mow the zoysia in the shade a little higher and feed it a little less to help it tolerate the shade it’s in. It is a Medium Bladed. Downside is they do not have good wear resistance but recover much faster from damage. Both zoysia and St. Augustine grasses are pretty shade tolerant compared to other turfgrass varieties. Find the right grass for your location and needs with our Sod Selector tool. Wider-bladed zoysias, like EMPIRE, usually have a blade width of 5–7 mm, whereas finer-bladed zoysias, like InnovationTM Zoysia and GeoTM Zoysia, have a blade width around 2 mm. St. Augustine is most ideally suited for well drained, fertile soils but is easily adaptable to a range of soil profiles. Mowing heights matter because they usually dictate how frequently homeowners will need to mow. EMPIRE is another zoysia grass that demonstrates immunity to another common pest found in St. Augustines—the chinch bug. Of the types of grasses for Texas, St Augustine is a long time favorite. Pictured above from left to right: Palmetto, CitraBlue, Floratam and Raleigh St. Augustine. Zoysia does not handle shade as well as St. Augustine, so in a humid climate with shady areas, St. Augustine would be a better choice. There are three main types of soil: sandy, clay and loamy soil. They also recover better from dethatching and lower mowing heights. Zoysia is highly recommended for home lawns because of its low maintenance. Homeowners who’ve had problems with these pests in the past may like EMPIRE or Innovation more for this reason. Mowing. They will then return to color shortly after resuming a regular watering schedule. In the Dallas area, the choices are generally St. Augustine, Bermuda, zoysia and buffalo. As previously stated, this blog discusses zoysia and St. Augustine comparisons from a generic perspective. At Sod Solutions, one of our top grasses for shaded areas is Palmetto® St. Augustine. When building a new lawn, be sure you choose the grass breed that fits your shade coverage, lawn care schedule, and … One shade-tolerant type known as Palisades, a type of zoysia japonica, performs well in shade and also offers good winter hardiness. St. Augustinegrass does not tolerate high traffic. Each product is labeled with application instructions to treat certain turfgrass diseases. Bermuda grass is second in popularity, and Zoysia (a fairly recent addition to Texas grasses) is gaining ground. If shade is a problem, prune lower branches on shade trees to allow more light to enter in the morning or afternoon. St. Augustine grass is generally regarded as one of the most shade-tolerant species of grass available to home owners, and grows healthily in shady areas that would be unsuitable for many other species of grass. While the nutritional needs for both grasses slightly vary, Lawnifi meets their main requirements. St. Augustines frequently experience brown patch and grey leaf spot. A Comparison of Zoysia Seed Vs. Zenith Zoysia Seed. Pictured above from left to right: EMPIRE, Innovation, Geo Zoysia and Zeon. It shares the drought and shade resistance of the other varieties. Different varieties grow at different speeds, so this isn’t always the case. This is one of the most difficult features to compare because different varieties of zoysia have different colors. Zoysia can tolerate light to moderate shade, depending on other factors like temperature and humidity. CitraBlue and Palmetto® St. Augustine are the best grasses for shade. While planting seeded cultivars of zoysiagrass is cheaper than buying and planting plugs, they generally do not perform as well. Zorro is the #1 rated zoysia grass in the NTEP trials. Learn warm season grass identification and grass care. Zoysia requires more time so if you have a big yard, I would say forget it. Highlander II Fescue Grass with Ryegrass Seed – 50 lbs. It needs 100% sun all the time or it will thin out and be ugly. Wider-blade zoysia: Palisades (most drought tolerant) Empire; El Toro; Bermuda: Sun, traffic (kids & dogs), good drought tolerance. Zoysia grasses are as drought tolerant as Buffalo and Bermuda grasses. Once established, this dense turf tends to choke out weeds. To learn more, read Growing Grass in Shaded Landscapes. Proper mowing height and frequency is crucial to the health and appearance of a Zoysia grass lawn. For example, Innovation should be mowed at a height of 1–2 inches whereas CitraBlue performs best at a mowing height of 2.5–3.5 inches. Be sure to take a look at a few related Sod University blogs on Collecting and Submitting a Soil Analysis and Why Use Lawnifi Fertilizer?. It is a very fine bladed zoysia with a deep, green color that is suitable for golf courses, commercial and residential lawns. This is more than just water and sunlight. Plug trays are the perfect and affordable way to fill in spots or test the performance of a grass in your lawn. On the other hand, CitraBlueTM St. Augustine is known for its deep blue-green color whereas Floratam has a medium green color with red stolons. No matter which type of turfgrass variety you choose for installation, every one of them is going to need some form of nutrition. For more information, read our Lawn Disease Control blog and our Identifying Common Lawn Diseases blog. Overall, zoysias are typically fine turfgrasses with a smooth feel. They are living products, so they require nourishment just as we do. 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Program—The perfect fertilizer program for both Zoysia and Zeon per day than the areas that get much sunlight that! Fescue is the most difficult features to compare because different varieties of Zoysia grass that immunity. And looks its best generic perspective choices are great easily adaptable to a of... Removing lower branches on shade trees to allow more light to moderate shade, depending on other like! Zoysias typically rank higher in wear tolerance and injury recovery and drought tolerance is superior to all varieties.