They are reportedly being involved as a sequencing institution in China's US$9.2-billion research project for medical care which will last for 15 years. [78], In 2019, it was reported that a BGI subsidiary, Forensic Genomics International, had created a WeChat-enabled database of genetic profiles of people across the country. But BGI said Chen had no connection to the academy since 2012. Since China has the world's longest highland border, the purpose of such studies can be understood. Yu Jun left BGI at this time purportedly selling his stake to the other 3 founders for a nominal sum. It created China’s first cloned pig in 2010. Chinese genome sequencing company BGI Group, which was previously known as the Beijing Genomics Institute, has sold millions of COVID-19 test kits outside mainland China, including the US, Europe and Australia. In 2014, the BGI was reported to be producing 500 cloned pigs a year to test new medicines. Clinical Lab Partnership Program Provides Ready Supplies and Reliable Support for COVID-19 Testing [60], In 2009 BGI-Shenzhen announced the launch of three genome projects that focus on animals living in extreme environments. It reportedly received more than 500 orders for the system and run over 112,000 tests until late 2016. The three selected genomes are those of two polar animals: the polar bear and emperor penguin, and one altiplano animal: the Tibetan antelope. Sergey Maximishin Dies Suddenly, Raising Questions, Will Confront Beijing on All Fronts: Biden Says China is Principal Foe. [58] In 2010, BGI has announced it will contribute US$100 million to large-scale sequencing projects of plants and animals. [90] BGI Genomics defended the product, blaming differences in thresholds used between labs looking at very low levels of the virus. The Chinese corporation contacted Democrat Jay Inslee, the governor of Washington, as well as New York, California, and other states, offering to build COVID-19 testing labs, according to 60 Minutes. In terms of the COVID-19 test kit, BGI said it did not use the method jointly patented with PLA. BGI, currently known as the BGI Group, formerly known as the Beijing Genomics Institute, is a Chinese genome sequencing company, headquartered in Shenzhen, Guangdong, China. [7][10], In 2010 BGI Shenzhen was certified as meeting the requirements of ISO9001:2008 standard for the design and provision of high-throughput sequencing services,[11] The same year BGI bought 128 Illumina HiSeq 2000 gene-sequencing machines,[4][7] which was backed by US$1.5 billion in "collaborative funds" over the next 10 years from the China Development Bank. Seven years ago, BGI began its bid to turn China into a DNA superpower by buying 128 of the world’s fastest sequencing machines---then the Illumina HiSeq 200. BGI, China’s leading genetics company, enlisted a foundation tied to a former U.S. president and used a company linked to the United Arab Emirates’ top spy to promote its efforts. BGI's Wang was involved in another study from 2017 that was published in collaboration with a PLA research center in Xinjiang. [13][59] In 2018 it was announced that the 1KP project was being succeeded by the 10KP project to sequence 10,000 plant species to a high (chromosome level) quality. BGI COVID-19 RT-PCR Kit Receives Brazil ANVISA Registration; 09/23/2020. China’s BGI says it can sequence a genome for just $100. [26], The BGI Group subsidiary, BGI Genomics, had made initial public offering in July 2017 at Shenzhen Stock Exchange, raising ¥547 million ($80.7 million), with company's first-day valuation set at over $1.15 billion. BGI Group, based in Shenzhen, has grown quickly by selling genetic sequencing services to universities and health systems around the world and amassing a large DNA databank. [19] Since 2012, it has started to commercialize its services, having investments from China Life Insurance Company, Citic's Goldstone Investment, Jack Ma's Yunfeng Capital, and SoftBank China Capital. [54] It was done on 2,200 samples mostly from the United States,[46] out of which 1,600 were of individuals who participated in the Study of Mathematically Precocious Youth and reportedly have IQs over 160, collected by American psychologist and geneticist Robert Plomin. [7][8] After the project was completed, funding dried up, after which BGI moved to Hangzhou in exchange for funding from the Hangzhou Municipal Government. In an interview, Rev. BGI Group, based in Shenzhen, has grown quickly by selling genetic sequencing services to universities and health systems around the world and amassing a large DNA databank. Reuters reported that in terms of the US suspicion, the reviewed documents are neither contradictory nor supportive. Editor: James Boynton They also "co-developed a clinical whole exome diagnostic test offered through CHOP pathology since 2012". [46], An international projected jointly initiated with Children's Hospital of Philadelphia in 2011. [46], Started in 2007 and named after two Emperors believed to have founded China's dominant ethnic group,[49] BGI planned in this project, to sequence at least 100 Chinese individuals to produce a high-resolution map of Chinese genetic polymorphisms. [73] The China National GeneBank, opened by BGI and Chinese Government in September 2016,[75] has 150 instruments of the system. As COVID rates and the need for tests were spiking, BGI Group, the world's largest biotech firm - a global giant based in China - approached the state of Washington with an enticing offer. [15][16] By 2018, they were expanded with offices and laboratories in Seattle and San Jose in USA,[4] and London in the UK, as well were founded BGI Asia Pacific with offices in Hong Kong, Kobe (Japan), Bangkok (Thailand), Laos, Singapore, Brisbane (Australia) and many others. It also revealed how the Asian county has moved to integrate the private technology firms into military-related research under the leadership of Xi Jinping. They again collaborated in 2017 when CHOP's Children's Brain Tumor Tissue Consortium was joined by BGI's China National GeneBank. ", "China's genomics company BGI makes stock market debut", "The sequence and de novo assembly of the giant panda genome", "De novo assembly of human genomes with massively parallel short read sequencing", "Ancient human genome sequence of an extinct Palaeo-Eskimo", "The diploid genome sequence of an Asian individual", "To Start Building 'Human Pan-Genome,' BGI De Novo Assembles Two Genomes from Illumina Data | In Sequence | Sequencing | GenomeWeb", "BGI – China's Genomics Center Has A Hand in Everything", "A human gut microbial gene catalogue established by metagenomic sequencing", "International Team Catalogs Microbial Genes in the Human Gut | GenomeWeb Daily News | Sequencing | GenomeWeb", German Teams, BGI and Life Technologies Identify Deadly European E.coli Strain, "Complete Resequencing of 40 Genomes Reveals Domestication Events and Genes in Silkworm (Bombyx)", "Chinese bioscience: The sequence factory", "The genome of the cucumber, Cucumis sativus L", "2016 tables: Institutions - corporate (China)", "2016 tables: Institutions - corporate (Global)", "Collaboration surges as businesses outsource discovery to academia", "Following the giant's paces-governance issues and bioethical reflections in China", "Breaking News: BGI Launches Two Important Global Plans at JP Morgan Healthcare Conference", "Chinese scientists sequence 1st volunteer's genome", "BGI Offers Next-Gen Sequencing Service, Kicks Off 100-Genome Sequencing Project | In Sequence | Sequencing | GenomeWeb", TuanHuang - The First Asian Diploid Genome, "BGI Announces New Partnerships and 8th Anniversary Milestone in US", "Chinese project probes the genetics of genius", "China's BGI to Sequence 2,200 Geniuses In Search For "Smart" Genes", "Second-generation PLINK: rising to the challenge of larger and richer datasets", "One thousand plant transcriptomes and the phylogenomics of green plants", "BGI Seeks Proposals to Sequence 1,000 Plant, Animal Genomes; Pledges $100M Toward Effort", "10KP: A phylodiverse genome sequencing plan", "Genome projects launched for three extreme-environment animals", "Draft genome sequence of the Tibetan antelope", "Population Genomics Reveal Recent Speciation and Rapid Evolutionary Adaptation in Polar Bears", "Two Antarctic penguin genomes reveal insights into their evolutionary history and molecular changes related to the Antarctic environment", "BGI to Sequence Tiger, Lion, and Leopard Species This Year | In Sequence | Sequencing | GenomeWeb", "The tiger genome and comparative analysis with lion and snow leopard genomes", A draft genome assembly of the solar-powered sea slug Elysia chlorotica. The sea slug uses genes from the algae to synthesize chlorophyll, the first interspecies of gene transfer discovered. [53], The project was started on 1 August 2009, with the mission to sequence 10,000 microbes within 3 years. It was announced at the time that BGI would also sequence the genomes and epigenomes of a liger and tigon. She added that the world's largest biotech firm's deep ties with the Chinese military was a "reasonable concern to raise" for US officials. The Group consists of divisions including BGI Genomics, which focuses on diagnostic tests and services, and MGI, which develops and manufactures advanced equipment such as sequencers, lab automation robots, and imaging. Nebraska Priest Draws Flak for Performing Exorcism Inside Capitol. [24] That year it bought Complete Genomics of Mountain View, California, a major supplier of DNA sequencing technology, for US$118 million. UK Minister Says There Are 4,000 Virus Variants Causing Covid-19; Is the World Ready? But it added that the documents showed a much deeper link between BGI and the Chinese military than what was known. In this particular research, experts looked at the effects of rapid ascent to high altitude on the bodies of "young, healthy men.". It includes sequencing industrial, agricultural, medical microorganism and many others. BGI Group statement regarding subsidiaries being included on the US Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) "Chinese entity list" We are puzzled by and greatly regret the decision of the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) under the U.S. Department of Commerce to include two BGI Group entities on the list of Chinese entities facing sanctions. doi:10.1038/sdata.2019.22, "BGI Uses New Short-Read Algorithm to Assemble Panda Genome as Proof of Concept for Human Genome | BioInform | Informatics | GenomeWeb", "BGI Retools Complete Genomics Technology for Its New High-Throughput Benchtop Sequencer", "BGI Launches New Desktop Sequencer in China, Registers Larger Version With CFDA", "BGI Launches Desktop Sequencer in China; Plans to Register Platform With CFDA", "China National GeneBank Opens With Investments From BGI, Government", "BGI Launches New Sequencer as Customers Report Data From Earlier Instruments", "BGI's MGI Tech Launches Two New NGS Platforms", "MGI Introduces Groundbreaking Ultra-High-Throughput Sequencer, MGISEQ-T7", "BGI officially enters Urumqi High-tech Zone", "China expands DNA data grab in troubled western region", "China Uses DNA to Map Faces, With Help From the West", "Chinese coronavirus test maker agreed to build a Xinjiang gene bank", "Chinese biotech giant's U.S. subsidiary returns PPP loan after Axios story", "U.S. blacklists Chinese companies tied to Xinjiang gene bank project", "Commerce Department Adds Eleven Chinese Entities Implicated in Human Rights Abuses in Xinjiang to the Entity List", "China's genetics company BGI denies human rights violations of Uighurs", "Thousands of Swedes got false positive COVID-19 result due to test kit fault", "WHO Emergency Use Listing for In vitro diagnostics (IVDs) Detecting SARS-CoV-2", "Chinese Covid-19 test kit outstrips alternatives in Dutch study", "China's BGI defends COVID-19 test kit after Swedish criticism", "China's BGI gets Australian foothold through mass coronavirus test delivery", "Illumina Nears Win In Bid To Block BGI's DNA Product Sales", "BGI Sues Illumina for Antitrust Violation, Claims Firm Obtained Sequencing Patents Through Fraud", "China gene firm providing worldwide COVID tests worked with Chinese military", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=BGI_Group&oldid=1004333786, Biotechnology companies established in 1999, Genetics or genomics research institutions, Articles with a promotional tone from February 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Beijing articles missing geocoordinate data, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, DNBseq™ Platform (next-generation sequencing platform), The NIFTY® Test (a non-invasive prenatal test), Sequenced the first ancient human's genome from the roughly 4,000-year-old permafrost-preserved hair of an extinct. 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