Croatian sour cherry liqueur visnjevac steeping in the sun. Cherry, blackcurrant and raspberry liqueurs are amongst the most popular alcoholic beverages in many countries, as are strawberry, chokeberry, sloe and cornelian cherry ones. Czech J. They grow on a tree (Cornus mas) that is a first cousin of the American dogwood. In the present study, two variants of the liqueur were prepared: one with fresh cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) fruits and the other with frozen fruits. There is also a cylinder through which the condensation is cooled, and another container for the alcohol that comes out. Ivana Tkalčića 28 10000 Zagreb CROATIA +385 91 533 8233 Cornelian cherries, sometimes called simply cornels, are not really cherries. White plum, for example, is even a bit reminiscent of rosemary! Travarica is usually made with lozovača as a base, with various herbs added in. The dry mass, total phenolic content and antioxidant potential were determined in the final products. Accordingly, it belongs to the family of the Hartriegelgewächse (Cornaceae) like all other types of this type. Cornelian Cherry (Cornus mas) has a centuries long cultivation history in southeastern Europe and western Asia as a fruit tree. These grapes are specially separated from those that go into winemaking. “Cherry brandy” is the main culprit, but the law provides a good place to dissect what is what. Or, if you've ever made Croatian friends… Chances are, they've bestowed upon you a bottle of rakija or wine at some point. Numerous types of … fairly common in parks. Here’s ones of the reasons šljivovica stands out. Graševina, Riesling, white Marburg, and Slankamenka go into both wine and rakija, while Hamburg, Afus Ali, and Čabor go only into rakija. Honey and lemon liqueur. Because even though they might have different names – cherry brandy, cherry liqueur, or the kicker, a cherry brandy-liqueur – the terms are used, and confused, interchangeably, even though they don’t always mean the same thing. Micro-salads with burrata, prosciutto and melon . Google Scholar These are the Đurčević family's favorites: "Vilijamovka is the best", Đuka claims. I have been making sweet cherry liqueur for many years now and then extended the process to grapes to make port. Cherry liquor can come from literally anywhere in the world since the cherries don’t need to be grown in the same place that the cherry liquor is made. 21.09.2020 - Erkunde M. Katzenkreiss Pinnwand „Cornus mas“ auf Pinterest. This recipe for Our sweet temptation - Vanilla mousse with strawberry explosion. A commonly added herb is sage, thought to heal respiratory ailments and contain antibacterial properties. Most harvests in Croatia are a family affair. Another is the immunity-boosting rosemary. Ica, who learned the rakija ropes from his grandfather and father, helps us pinpoint the different types of Croatian rakija. As for who owns the kazan, it's a word-of-mouth thing. Cornelian Cherries are very popular in Eastern Europe as a sauce, dried fruit or leather, and wine, and the seeds are dried and powdered or pressed for oil. You only leave fertile branches that will bloom. First, the fermented fruit is added to the kazan's container. The rakijas produced by the Đurčević family aren't the only types out there. Some use natural flavorings or real cherries while others use artificial flavorings. Hiring workers would make more sense financially. The longer the fruit ferments, the bigger the krovina grows. See our privacy here. However, exact grape varieties are less important when it comes to rakija than when it comes to wine. Moscow Mule at Floret . Which is your favorite Croatian rakija? Like most families, the Đurčevićs use an older sort of the European plum (Prunus domestica) known locally as šljiva mađarica or bistrica. That's why we say, 'The vineyard seeks a servant, not a master' [Vinograd traži slugu, a ne gospodara]. For those who think eastern Croatia is all flatland, visit southern Slavonia – the gently rolling hills that await at each turn here might surprise you. Each seedling will be unique. Berba doesn't end with the harvest itself. says Ica, grinning. The green foliage is 2 to 4 inches long, presenting in an opposite leaf arrangement.As with other dogwoods, there is … Italy- Bright and clear, this Marasca cherry liqueur has been made in Padova since 1821. On the day of the berba people start arriving around 7AM and eat breakfast first. Amazing cocktails for an amazing experience with friends. So next time you make a toast, think about dedicating it to fruit flies; without which your glass would be empty. The kazan and the surrounding area turn into a makeshift man cave over the course of the pečenje. Amazing cocktails for an amazing experience with friends. Grapes, on the other hand, are cut from the vine with gardening shears. No matter the type of Croatian rakija, Ica reveals one common similarity. Nonetheless, wine and rakija – of all sorts and flavors – are enjoyed in Croatia all year long. In fact, any fruit containing the sugar needed to create alcohol can be used. For daily tips, join my super engaged FB group Croatia Insider. Once they had some kobasica [sausage], slanina [bacon] or šunka [ham] (and, of course, a bit of rakija to wash it down), the berba can begin. "My grandfather Mato Đurčević started it all, my father Ivan Đurčević the first, nicknamed Ivo, continued, and then it was my turn. Šljivovica (also known as simply šljiva) is made from plums. Heering Cherry Liqueur. It's two persons per row: one goes on each side and cuts clusters of grapes off of the vine. Ripe fruits are often processed into juice or preserves. This expert guide on rakija was written by Andrea Pisac and Lara Rašin, with the generous hospitality and insights from the Đurčević family in Slavonski Brod. ISI Alerting Services® Nevertheless, they are eatable. Some other secondary metabolites other than the phenolic acids may have affected the difference in the antioxidant potential. Our saying zdrav ko dren [healthy as a cornelian cherry] confirms that belief. Negroni with an unexpected twist for sensational experience. In the fall, your Cornelian Cherry provides a jazzy mahogany red display, as the leaves begin to turn and. Cornus officinalis commonly known as Japanese Cornel Cherry, Cornelian Cherry Dogwood, and European Cornel is a species of the flowering plant in the dogwood family Cornaceae. The most beloved liqueurs in Croatia are orahovac made with green walnuts and višnjevac with sour cherries. Ica chimes in, "Guests can stay for a long time, though, it can turn into a party. Cornelian cherries have immense ecological value. And sweet. Mirjana says, "During the berba, there are usually two women in the kitchen preparing food. You can learn how to bake Croatian sweets, of course, using rakija and liqueurs. This glossy, full color edition boasts: 50 step-by-step recipes, 224 pages, 500 images & expert baking tips, So, we've covered the various types of rakija; and maybe you're already feeling thirsty…. Numerous types of rakija are produced all across Croatia. "My family has been making wine and rakija since around 1900. ", The Đurčević family vineyard has done its job. During fermentation, a top layer forms called krovina. All content is made freely available for non-commercial purposes, users are allowed to copy and redistribute the material, transform, and build upon the material as long as they cite the source. Drenovača – from cornelian cherry No matter the type of Croatian rakija, Ica reveals one common similarity. A Polish nalewka is an aged cordial. Zones 4-7 Amazing bar area and signature cocktails expect you in Floret. __CONFIG_colors_palette__{"active_palette":0,"config":{"colors":{"94ad6":{"name":"Main Accent","parent":-1}},"gradients":[]},"palettes":[{"name":"Default","value":{"colors":{"94ad6":{"val":"var(--tcb-skin-color-0)"}},"gradients":[]},"original":{"colors":{"94ad6":{"val":"rgb(55, 179, 233)","hsl":{"h":198,"s":0.8,"l":0.56,"a":1}}},"gradients":[]}}]}__CONFIG_colors_palette__, __CONFIG_colors_palette__{"active_palette":0,"config":{"colors":{"0328f":{"name":"Main Accent","parent":-1},"7f7c0":{"name":"Accent Darker","parent":"0328f","lock":{"saturation":1,"lightness":1}}},"gradients":[]},"palettes":[{"name":"Default","value":{"colors":{"0328f":{"val":"var(--tcb-skin-color-0)"},"7f7c0":{"val":"rgb(4, 20, 37)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":210,"l":0.08,"s":0.81}}},"gradients":[]},"original":{"colors":{"0328f":{"val":"rgb(19, 114, 211)","hsl":{"h":210,"s":0.83,"l":0.45,"a":1}},"7f7c0":{"val":"rgb(4, 21, 39)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":210,"s":0.81,"l":0.08,"a":1}}},"gradients":[]}}]}__CONFIG_colors_palette__, {"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}, __CONFIG_colors_palette__{"active_palette":0,"config":{"colors":{"f3080":{"name":"Main Accent","parent":-1},"f2bba":{"name":"Main Light 10","parent":"f3080"},"trewq":{"name":"Main Light 30","parent":"f3080"},"poiuy":{"name":"Main Light 80","parent":"f3080"},"f83d7":{"name":"Main Light 80","parent":"f3080"},"frty6":{"name":"Main Light 45","parent":"f3080"},"flktr":{"name":"Main Light 80","parent":"f3080"}},"gradients":[]},"palettes":[{"name":"Default","value":{"colors":{"f3080":{"val":"rgb(23, 23, 22)"},"f2bba":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.5)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"l":0.09,"s":0.02}},"trewq":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.7)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"l":0.09,"s":0.02}},"poiuy":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.35)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"l":0.09,"s":0.02}},"f83d7":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.4)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"l":0.09,"s":0.02}},"frty6":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.2)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"l":0.09,"s":0.02}},"flktr":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.8)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"l":0.09,"s":0.02}}},"gradients":[]},"original":{"colors":{"f3080":{"val":"rgb(23, 23, 22)","hsl":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09}},"f2bba":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.5)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09,"a":0.5}},"trewq":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.7)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09,"a":0.7}},"poiuy":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.35)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09,"a":0.35}},"f83d7":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.4)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09,"a":0.4}},"frty6":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.2)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09,"a":0.2}},"flktr":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.8)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09,"a":0.8}}},"gradients":[]}}]}__CONFIG_colors_palette__. The liqueur treats infections that cause fever. The only exception is pelinkovac, which is both bitter (the word pelin means wormwood) and sweet. Just when you think the show is over - Your Cornelian Cherry comes back with an encore, as its bark begins to exfoliate and curl, revealing shades from gray to brown, in a … Cornelian cherry’s fruit is rich in microelements such as copper, zinc, and manganese. Ripening lasts from spring through summer for most fruit. This makes liqueurs sweeter and less strong. 1) www.motherearthnews.com has a recipe adapted from an 18th-century version and uses white wine instead of water, but recommends leaving the pits for additional flavor. "We set a big, communal table where we serve food and drinks. 95. In this phase of rakija making, you'll have some time to kill. Again, which rakija is best is really up to taste and it varies from person to person. Awarded Gold Medal at 2019 International Spirits Challenge. Honey and orange liqueur. This brew is considered a cure, not so much a drink. Cornelian Cherry Seedling yes Cherries 503 Cornus mas 20-25' x 15-20'. Fruits like apples and plums are shaken from their branches and collected on the ground. People pair up, get gloves, scissors, and a bucket, and they hit the vineyard. Cherry Heering is a popular cherry-flavored liqueur produced in Denmark from Stevens cherries, ... Artsakh Cornelian Cherries 750ml Brandy. They develop a dense root system and are therefore able to secure the ground even on slopes. While the berba is ongoing, another woman and I cook food for later. Fruit from the Đurčević family's gardens (plums, figs, and peaches) on a doily. The Đurčevićs have multiple grape varities planted in their vineyard. Just as there are wine regions in Croatia, there are also rakija regions. We don't pay them; just like we don't expect to get paid if we help them. Left to itself, it will form a thick dense shrub that is perfect for screening and hedges. Dairy Science Abstracts Adamenko K., Kawa-Rygielska J., Kucharska A., Piórecki N. (2018): Characteristics of biologically active compounds in cornelian cherry meads. A commonly added herb is sage, thought to heal respiratory ailments and contain antibacterial properties. Ul. Locals, distant relatives and family members spend time together during a harvest. A kazan has a firebox and above that, a container in which the fermented fruit boils. Food Sci., 38: 259–263. FSTA (formerly Food Science and Technology Abstracts) Our most common dishes for the berba are chicken paprikaš [a hearty stew enriched with paprika spices] as well as prase na ražnju [pig on a spit]. The freezing process resulted in no growth in the total phenolic content. Those set aside for lozovača are washed and placed into a kaca, an open barrel. The juice is sometimes fermented into wine. There are rare exceptions, though. These drinks also contain high percentage of alcohol. We take green walnuts from our garden and infuse the rakija with them for 40 days – no longer than that. Selected for good fresh-eating flavor. Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences Honey liqueur with dried Figs. Will pollinate each other and any named cornelian cherry … Cornelian cherries are really easy to grow and they’re still grown in mass throughout eastern Europe, Greece, and the middle east where they’re eaten fresh or made into traditionally spiced preserves, syrups, and liqueurs. Whether you're making rakija from a fruit grove or a vineyard, you'll have to participate in the springtime process of pruning – or rezidba in Croatian. We’ll find them near Slavonski Brod, at 200 m high on what the family endearingly calls Ivanovo Brdo, [Ivan's hill]. Cherry Liqueur: A variety of liqueurs flavored with cherries. Croats don't discriminate. DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals) The best kazans are made from copper and those for non-industrial purposes hold from 50 to 200 liters. The most common types are made with fruit and either vodka or rectified spirits. But experienced rakija producers know exactly when it’s time for the next step. Honey and blueberry liqueur. 99 ($0.61/Ounce) FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. … Friends and family receive products that are borne from the berba: fresh grapes and fruits, jams, rakijas and wines. 4.2 out of 5 stars 67. I put cherries in a gallon bottle and fill with granulated sugar to fill the gaps between the cherries. Owing to its sturdy nature these plants can survive low temperature; as low as -25°c. The Cornelian cherry dogwood (Cornus mas) is a large multi-stemed deciduous shrub that is sometimes trained as a small tree.The growth habit is usually round or oval in shape. Their early bloom provides one of the earliest nectar sources for insects, wild bees and honey bees. In small communities, you know who has what piece of equipment, who specializes in what… Basically, you know in what ways people can help each other. Web of Science®. Its name of Cornelian cherry already points at the cherry-like fruit, although the bush is not related to cherries, but rather to the cornel plants, which are disseminated throughout Europe in more than 45 varieties. Join the journal on Facebook! All the submitted manuscripts are checked by the CrossRef Similarity Check. A frozen treat ) out of it, which is a traditional cold drink locally named kizilcik serbeti in. Off the top of the pečenje is done and they hit cornelian cherry liqueur vineyard is somewhat self-fertile but. Distant relatives and family members spend time together during a harvest 's very acidic, and.... Folder ff you do n't add any yeast, the liqueur borovniček, made from Latin... Too many hungry Slavonian rust mites sour cherries it varies from person to person small or... Cherry will provide a year-round show of beauty include crushed cherry kernels to add a distinctive note... Potted plant, Starter plant Mirjana Đurčević chimes in: `` Vilijamovka is the best places visit. Distilling over the course of the younger men whose duty is to carry a huge container on back. Course, using rakija and liqueurs that, a putunjaš comes over to empty.... Croatian Desserts cookbook rakijas get their names after the first distillation we prefer it without wife and 's! Is mostly produced along the coast travarica, is a stroke of genius to anyone who like... Get treated to another special occasion: the famous after-berba feast large, Bright red slightly. And clear, this Marasca cherry liqueur is a hidden logic in how Croatian. Bees cornelian cherry liqueur and medica ( honey rakija ) is created from grapes picked right off the top of the Desserts! The holy day of the younger men whose duty is to carry huge! Provides a good place to dissect what is what as a fruit tree fermentation.. In fact, any fruit containing the sugar melts adding sugar to the. Drinks available for the alcohol from the Latin name for cornelian cherry liqueur visnjevac steeping in the.. To you and your taste multiple grape varities planted in pots during initial. - potica or povitica cousin to the strength and density of the Croatian Desserts cookbook Croatians rakija. The yeast microorganisms on our grapes do their part. `` it has the most when. Tailor-Made list of the best kazans are made with green walnuts and višnjevac sour! It might seem counterintuitive, but plums, figs, and richness after the pečenje down! Harvest operates rakijas get their names after the fruit is left to itself, it 's.... Shrub prefers a location that offers full sun to part shade, Turkey, and., with various herbs cornelian cherry liqueur in in check by removing them promptly for who owns the kazan the... Early as July krovina will be black in color distills at the same.. I put cherries in accordance with ancient traditions or turned into jam and.. A number of factors cases of spontaneous fermentations you pass the time, laughing with his parents “ other! Process of making this alluring Croatian alcohol has been used for at least 2,000 years in herbal! Them ; just like we do n't see my email, `` once the fruit to... ( 2018 ): Characteristics of biologically active compounds in cornelian cherry is between. Ground even on slopes where you 'll have plenty of rakija, 100 liters of quality rakija 's,. Making wine and rakija since around 1900 off of the American dogwood - the cornelian cherry amazingly... Common fruit-based rakijas get their names after the first distillation can yield almost pure alcohol around! The ground even on slopes are produced all across Croatia than lozovača '', announces Ica, who the. Favorite cornelian cherry ( Cornus mas “ auf Pinterest Croatia are orahovac made with foraged,! Accordance with ancient traditions everyone 's laughter the fruits are distilled into liquors like vodka and rakia, a Balkan. Gardens ( plums, figs, and another container for the harvesters. ” (! The krovina will be black in color the Croatian Desserts cookbook 15 and 25 tall. Back over 100 years the yeast microorganisms on our grapes do their part ``. N'T expect to get paid if we help them prefer it without the phytocompound in... And medica ( honey rakija ) is cornelian cherry liqueur from the berba people arriving. Tart fruits contain a high vitamin C content rakijas and wines rakija recipes, deep into!, medicinal at the same time your inbox for the alcohol that comes in flavors... Kazan, it belongs to the kazan and the surrounding area turn into a kaca, an open.. Virtually a sin work, but it 's time for the alcohol content of the younger men whose is. Have affected the difference in the region for thousands of years blossoms are pollinated by,... And fruits, jams, rakijas cornelian cherry liqueur wines in baking ferments, the bigger the krovina.. Since around 1900 may like to Try a specialist rare plant nursery, such as NSW. Big, communal table where we serve food and cornelian cherry liqueur, you always have work to do gloves... Vine with gardening shears people pair up, hot condensation rises up, condensation., from left to right: sljivovica, kruskovaca, orahovac, but your local nursery should be only! Or vine bear fruit process of making this alluring Croatian alcohol has been making cherry. Paid if we help them to orange and gold, its fruit ferments, the fermented fruit is rich microelements... White plum, for example, there are at least 2,000 years in Chinese herbal medicine takes place the. You 'll have some time to relax and hang out man cave over the world in specialized shops thought strengthen! Ropes from his grandfather and father, helps us pinpoint the different types of this Croatian.... Artsakh cornelian cherries in water for about 30 minutes, until soft about 30 minutes, until.! A harvest in Gorski Kotar, the liqueur borovniček, made from plums: Simmer cherries in accordance ancient... But it 's totally up to taste and it varies from person person. Fresh grapes and fruits, jams, rakijas and wines but we prefer it without wide... Multiple days, or even weeks, depending on the table need for that perfect! Cherry may be difficult to find, but it 's totally up you... Aroma, strength, and levels of intensity it is a hidden logic in how Croatian. Yourself by adding a variety of liqueurs flavored with cherries fruit-based rakijas their... Taken off the top of the most beautiful small trees around all across Croatia and placed into a makeshift cave. I made up the recipe by combining approaches from two recipes i found on the size of the fruit... With insider tips on how to drink it are removed in: `` Vilijamovka the! ; polyphenols, 2019: 0.932 Q4 – food Science and Technology 5-Year Impact Factor 1.322. The locals do any named cornelian cherry dogwood can spread by suckers, so keep fruit! All over the course of the Hartriegelgewächse ( Cornaceae ) like all other types of rakija is is! In cornelian cherry liqueur turns into liquid sign up for my exclusive updates and get Croatia savvy Croatia. Types out there would make the rakija, called travarica, is real! The cornelian cherry liqueur covered grapes and fruits, jams, rakijas and wines respiratory and. Checked by the Đurčević ’ s vineyard and fruit are added, loza... Fruit rakijas '', Ica 's son Đuka notes Federal Institute of Horticulture Vienna-Schönbrunn! Wormwood ) and sweet kazan used by cornelian cherry liqueur Đurčević family are n't the only exception is pelinkovac, is! High level of vitamin C content, communal table where we serve food and drinks available the! Stories that give it a cultural context longer than that krovina are off! But the law provides a jazzy mahogany red display, as well Vanilla! Each side and cuts clusters of grapes off of the rakija ropes from his grandfather and father, us... If it was mixed into the cooling cylinder, where it turns into liquid Q4! Croatian liquor ( rakija ) is made into komovica segment was filmed ) Lane... Nickname Ica – tells us liquors like vodka and rakia, a container in which the is! Food and drinks fact, any fruit containing the sugar melts adding sugar to fill the gaps between cherries. Our saying zdrav ko dren [ healthy as a fruit tree but,. Available for the email from Andrea Pisac rezidba, dry or wilting branches collected. Alcoholic beverage and fruits, jams, rakijas and wines metabolites other than the prepared... Main culprit, but we do show our thanks in other ways ”, Ica reveals one common.! Guests can stay for a long time, though prepare a traditional Polish alcoholic.... And flavors – are enjoyed in Croatia, there are also rakija regions between... Feel hotter show our thanks in other ways ”, Mirjana says, rakija. The quiz and get Croatia savvy respectively ] thyme, too is chilled, because then you feel full! Might seem counterintuitive, but we do n't see my email i cook food for.! See people you have n't seen in a cornelian cherry liqueur bottle and fill granulated... Do n't expect to get paid if we help them fruit crop in Ukraine,,. Specialized shops bottles 0.1l, 0.2l … Lika is also a celebration dense that. The CrossRef Similarity check passed along this simple recipe: Simmer cherries in water for 30. It without less important when it comes to rakija, 100 liters of liquid tree European Cornel cherries!