[1] While similar to a confidence trick or simple fraud, the term typically applies to trickery for information gathering or computer system access and in most cases the attacker never comes face-to-face with the victim. A single such sockpuppet is a shill; creating large numbers of them to fake a “grass-roots” upswelling of support is known as astroturfing. False flag operations: covert operations conducted by governments, corporations, or other organizations, which are designed to appear like they are being carried out by other entities. Black Hat: the villain or bad guy, especially in a western movie in which such a character would wear a black hat in contrast to the hero’s white hat. Many sites, in particular search engines, use spidering as a means of providing up-to-date data. Cyber bullying: The act of one individual harassing or intimidating another individual via the Internet. The purpose of scam baiting might be to waste the scammers’ time, embarrass him or her, cause him or her to reveal information which can be passed on to legal authorities, get him or her to waste money, or simply to amuse the baiter. As such, systems that generate e-mail backscatter can end up being listed on various DNSBLs and be in violation of internet service providers’ Terms of Service. | Tek Bull, The Evolution Of Digital Forensics | Pursuit Magazine, Wanted fugitive logs onto sheriff’s Facebook page to ‘troll’ (and then gets caught) | Private Investigator News, 2012, the year for more IT security flaws? Segment of a network where servers accessed by less trusted users are isolated. Administrators may require passwords be a certain length, include capital letters, numbers, or special characters, or be changed after a set length of time. Phishing is typically carried out by e-mail or instant messaging,[1] and often directs users to enter details at a website, although phone contact has also been used. Spam: Unsolicited advertising or other information sent out via email or other messaging service. Points of view or opinions in this website are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice. The word “cyber” is slang for anything relating to computers, information technology, internet and virtual reality. Today, cyber means war. Spear Phishing: Targeted versions of phishing have been termed spear phishing. If you believe a cyber incident is of a criminal nature, please contact your local law enforcement agency or the RCMP. Additionally, it is often associated with computer hacking. A Bluebug program allows the user to “take control” of the victim’s phone. [citation needed] Groups of these people are often called tiger teams. Firewall: Hardware and/or software designed to prevent unauthorized users from accessing a computer system. Such networks are useful for many purposes. “Phreak”, “phreaker”, or “phone phreak” are names used for and by individuals who participate in phreaking. Internet troll (or simply troll in Internet slang): someone who posts controversial and usually irrelevant or off-topic messages in an online community, such as an online discussion forum or chat room, with the intention of baiting other users into an emotional response[1] or to generally disrupt normal on-topic discussion. Website Design and Development by Matrix Group International. A shareware program is accompanied by a request for payment, and the software’s distribution license often requires such a payment. Even though the two are extremely different and belong to different areas of expertise, yet they are interrelated with each other. Sporgery: the disruptive act of posting a flood of articles to a Usenet newsgroup, with the article headers falsified so that they appear to have been posted by others. Bot: A software robot that performs automated tasks. Internet Protocol (IP) address: A unique 32-bit binary number that identifies the computer or other host being used to access the Internet. It can also be motivated by a desire to waste the targeted site’s bandwidth and storage space with useless text. Definition - What does Cybercrime mean? Therefore, it stands to reason that "cyber-crimes" are offences relating to computers, information technology, internet and virtual reality. Chip in $99 or more now and get this one-of-a-kind Liberal mug as a token of our thanks. Phishing is an attempt to criminally and fraudulently acquire sensitive information, such as usernames, passwords and credit card details, by masquerading as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication. Unlike a virus, it does not need to attach itself to an existing program. Alternative Title: computer crime. This also means that the Bluebug. Cyber crime is rapidly evolving, as is the terminology used to describe it. Specifically, stealware uses an HTTP cookie to redirect the commission ordinarily earned by the site for referring users to another site. While completely outlawed in some jurisdictions, it is permitted in others. Malware: Malicious software, such as a virus or a worm, that attacks a target computer. DataEndure’s Digital Defense SOC-as-a-Service (SOCaaS) is an ideal solution for companies to augment their own security capabilities. Cybercrime, especially through the Internet, has grown in importance as the computer has become central to commerce, entertainment, and … Vishing is typically used to steal credit card numbers or other information used in identity theft schemes from individuals. Flaming: online fights using electronic messages with angry and vulgar language. Although the means to, motives for, and targets of a DoS attack may vary, it generally consists of the concerted, malevolent efforts of a person or persons to prevent an Internet site or service from functioning efficiently or at all, temporarily or indefinitely. Blog: An online journal. whitehouse.gov). Denial-of-Service (DoS) attack: A coordinated attack that aims to overwhelm the resources of a targeted system to crash that system. A very large proportion of such e-mail is sent with a forged From: header, matching the envelope sender. Cracker - When you hear the word hacker today, in reality it is normally referring to a cracker, but the … ciphertext -- data that has been encrypted. I am curious to what is and what is not considered a punishable cybercrime by law. Bluesnarfing: the unauthorized access of information from a wireless device through a Bluetooth connection, often between phones, desktops, laptops, and PDAs. The phrase is often used figuratively, especially in computing slang, where it refers to a hacker that breaks into networks or computers, or creates computer viruses. This process is called web crawling or spidering. The expression is a general term used by computer professionals to mean a variety of forms of hostile, intrusive, or annoying software or program code. Cyber is a slang that means anything related to or connected with the computer. Vishing: is the criminal practice of using social engineering and Voice over IP (VoIP) to gain access to private personal and financial information from the public for the purpose of financial reward. Often, they are also Trojans as well, thus fooling users into believing they are safe to run on their systems. However, as the Morris worm and Mydoom showed, the network traffic and other unintended effects can often cause major disruption. Essentially, if you blink, you're likely already out of touch. Defining “Cyber Crimes”. General (5 matching dictionaries) Other less frequently used names for web crawlers are ants, automatic indexers, bots, and worms. Malware: software designed to infiltrate or damage a computer system without the owner’s informed consent. Nigerian 419 Fraud Scheme (or an advance fee fraud): a confidence trick in which the target is persuaded to advance relatively small sums of money in the hope of realizing a much larger gain.[. Declaration of conformity. Cyberspace refers to the virtual computer world, and more specifically, an electronic medium that is used to facilitate online communication. Some of this slang enters the mainstream vernacular—and by that point, is no longer cool—or "sic." Cybercrime Definition from Language, Idioms & Slang Dictionaries & Glossaries. ("Cybercrime" (as one word) is marginally more popular than "cyber crime." Canadians lost millions to scams in 2016. This is sometimes called the H/P culture (with H standing for Hacking and P standing for Phreaking). Sockpuppet: an online identity used for purposes of deception within an Internet community. Access is gained while the computer is unattended. Unlike such malware, it does not propagate by self-replication but relies heavily on the exploitation of an end-user (see Social engineering). The term “cyber-crimes” is not defined in any statute or rulebook. Lurker: a person who reads discussions on a message board, newsgroup, chatroom, file sharing or other interactive system, but rarely participates. A prisoner's best friend or a co-defendant. AirDrop is the primary medium for cyber-flashing. Cyber flashing is a crime which involves sending obscene pictures to strangers through AirDrop. Cyberspace is the environment where data storage and communications using computer networks occur. Domain name: A unique Internet identifier registered to an entity (e.g. Bluejacking: the sending of unsolicited messages over Bluetooth to Bluetooth-enabled devices such as mobile phones, PDAs or laptop computers. The criminal therefore recruits a money mule in the victim’s country who receives money transfers and merchandise and resend them to the criminal in return for a commission. Browser: A program used to access the Internet. | Private Investigator News. While the term spyware suggests software that secretly monitors the user’s behavior, the functions of spyware extend well beyond simple monitoring. Trojan: A program that masks something harmful, such as a worm or virus, that it carries into a device. Contrary to popular belief, this action, usually encoded in a hidden payload, may or may not be actually malicious, but Trojan horses are notorious today for their use in the installation of backdoor programs. Griefers: differ from typical players in that they do not play the game in order to achieve objectives defined by the game world. Cyber crime is rapidly evolving, as is the terminology used to describe it. Piggybacking:  a term used to refer to access of a wireless internet connection by bringing one’s own computer within the range of another’s wireless connection, and using that service without the subscriber’s explicit permission or knowledge. The Bureau of Justice Assistance is a component of the Department of Justice’s Office of Justice Programs, which also includes the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the Office for Victims of Crime, and the SMART Office. Internet Service Provider (ISP): A company that offers access to the Internet. | Private Investigator News, Pursuit Magazine – The magazine of professional investigators, The magazine of professional investigators, Internet & Cyber Crime Terms and Definitions. Networks of such machines are often referred to as botnets and are very commonly used by spam senders for sending junk email or to cloak their website’s address. Search engine: A website that finds information across the Internet based on a set of search criteria. Spyware can even change computer settings, resulting in slow connection speeds, different home pages, and loss of Internet or other program. Hackers use the resulting lists for various purposes. Since the turn of the century the evolving state of Cyberwarfare and Cybercrime; technologies, capabilities, and resources, has grown by leaps and bounds. Cyber crimes can involve criminal activities that are traditional in nature, such as fraud, forgery, theft, mischief and defamation all of which are subject to the Indian Penal Code. Contact Us to learn more about SOCaaS. Zombie computer (often shortened as Zombie): a computer attached to the Internet that has been compromised by a hacker, a computer virus, or a Trojan horse. Metadata: Amassed data that is used to describe large amounts of other Internet data. Not only can they make calls, they can send messages, essentially do anything the phone can do. I mean to what extent would be considered a punishable cybercrime. Some pundits have taken to referring to it as SPIT (for “Spam over Internet Telephony”). Therefore, it stands to reason that “cyber-crimes” are offences relating to computers, information technology, internet and virtual reality. The term can also apply to the same action carried out entirely through Bluetooth. Wardriving: the act of searching for Wi-Fi wireless networks by a person in a moving vehicle using such items as a laptop or a PDA. Synonyms (Other Words) for Cybercrime & Antonyms (Opposite Meaning) for Cybercrime. Cyber definition, (used alone as a substitute for many compound words that begin with the combining form cyber-, as cyberattack, cybersecurity, cyberterrorism, or cyberwarfare): GPS may be vulnerable to jamming and cyber.Ethical hackers are being recruited for careers in cyber. Hacker: someone involved in computer security/insecurity, specializing in the discovery of exploits in systems (for exploitation or prevention), or in obtaining or preventing unauthorized access to systems through skills, tactics and detailed knowledge. The term is a portmanteau of the words malicious and software. Global Positioning System (GPS): A satellite navigation system that identifies the precise location of the transmitting device. It is a legally and ethically controversial practice, with laws that vary in jurisdictions around the world. The need for money mules arises because while a criminal in a developing country can obtain the credit card numbers, bank account numbers, passwords and other financial details of a victim living in the first world via the internet through techniques such as malware and phishing, turning those details into money usable in the criminal’s own country can be difficult. Spamming: the abuse of electronic messaging systems to indiscriminately send unsolicited bulk messages. Thus, cybercrime is a crime committed through or with the help of a computer, computer networks, or through the use of information technology. Piggybacking is used as a means of hiding illegal activities, such as downloading child pornography or engaging in identity theft. The term “virus” is also commonly used, albeit erroneously, to refer to many different types of malware and adware programs. Vishing exploits the public’s trust in landline telephone services, which have traditionally terminated in physical locations which are known to the telephone company, and associated with a bill-payer. As these storage devices become smaller and their storage capacity becomes greater, they are becoming an increasing security risk to companies and government agencies. The AirDrop icon. A “payload” is code designed to do more than spread the worm – it might delete files on a host system (e.g., the ExploreZip worm), encrypt files in a cryptoviral extortion attack, or send documents via e-mail. If the “tryout” program is already the full version, it is available for a short amount of time, or it does not have updates, help, and other extras that buying the added programs has. Spam, Phishing, Scams, and Fraud Spam is any unsolicited commercial electronic … Keystroke Logging (often called keylogging): a method of capturing and recording user keystrokes. Address Munging: the practice of disguising, or munging, an e-mail address to prevent it being automatically collected and used as a target for people and organizations who send unsolicited bulk e-mail address. Email header: The opening section of an electronic message that provides information about the sender, recipients, subject, and the date and time a message was sent. Back door: A way to access an electronic system by bypassing some or all security mechanisms. Peer to Peer (or “P2P”): computer network that uses diverse connectivity between participants in a network and the cumulative bandwidth of network participants rather than conventional centralized resources where a relatively low number of servers provide the core value to a service or application. In particular, they may use tools such as stalking, hurling insults, and exploiting unintended game mechanics. Scam Baiting is the practice of pretending interest in a fraudulent scheme in order to manipulate a scammer. Trying to figure out what teens are saying is particularly challenging now, as the past decade's explosion of social media, memes, digital communication, and the ever-present-cellphone means teen-speak evolves faster than ever. | Tek Bull, Pingback: The Evolution Of Digital Forensics | Pursuit Magazine, Pingback: Wanted fugitive logs onto sheriff’s Facebook page to ‘troll’ (and then gets caught) | Private Investigator News, Pingback: 2012, the year for more IT security flaws? cyberattack, cyberbully, cyberbullying, cybercafé, cyberchondria, cybercrime, cyberculture, cyberhack, cybermob, cyber Monday, cyber mosque If you chip in $199 or more, we’ll send you a pair of limited-edition Liberal oven mitts. White Hat: the hero or good guy, especially in computing slang, where it refers to an ethical hacker that focuses on securing and protecting IT systems. Backscatter (also known as outscatter, misdirected bounces, blowback or collateral spam): a side-effect of e-mail spam, viruses and worms, where email servers receiving spam and other mail send bounce messages to an innocent party. The stealth marketer creates one or more pseudonymous accounts, each one claiming to be owned by a different enthusiastic supporter of the sponsor’s product or book or ideology. Blog: An online journal. The following are commonly used terms that relate to cyber crime. Hacktivism: A politically- or ideologically-motivated cyber attack or hack. Network: A group of computers that is linked to share data and other information. Jump to: General, Art, Business, Computing, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Religion, Science, Slang, Sports, Tech, Phrases We found 5 dictionaries with English definitions that include the word cybercrimes: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "cybercrimes" is defined. 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