A suffix meaning surgical removal/excision. Medical Abbreviation Medical Terms. paralysis. cataplexy. Include suffixes such as: ac (pertaining to), ectomy (excision or surgical removal) emia (blood condition), eous (pertaining to), ism (state of), itis (inflammation), ology (study of), pathy (disease), pepsia (digestion), plasty (plastic or surgical repair) and plegia (paralysis). It facilitates effective communication and correspondence between physicians across borders and from different parts of the world. Prefixes may indicate time, position, negation or measurement and numbers.