Dried/pickled snow cabbage and chili is made into something similar to Korean kimchi in some parts of China. Vegetable fried rice (Specify no eggs.) Bamboo shoots, along with other vegetables and meat, are usually served as a nice complement to stir-fries. Again, we have a very simple and literal translation of the word for sweetcorn: If we break down 胡萝卜 (húluóbo) into separate characters, we can see two words: 胡 (hú) — nations north or west of China (in ancient times), 萝卜 (luóbo) — radish (However, a native Chinese speaker would probably understand that you meant “carrot” if you used this word by itself.). 9. One of the most popular, Chinese cabbage is well-known in Western culture too. Here, we are referring to the Indianised version of the Chinese cuisine.The addition of extravagant flavours in schezwan rice, noodles, vegetable and paneer make the Indo-Chinese delicacies special. They are usually stir-fried with meat or with garlic sauce. In Chinese cuisine, pickled white radish salad is often served as a side dish. It is used in stir fries and soups. Bitter melon is known for its unusual appearance and taste. Some are thicker and like those in the West, others are thin and long. Chinese cuisine is not only mouth-wateringly delicious but also chock full of fresh veggies! When translated literally, choy sum means "vegetable heart" and yau choy means "oil vegetable." Learning Chinese becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. Please check your email for further instructions. Use a salad spinner so the watercress is dry to the touch, or the stir-fry will become too wet. Chefs in the restaurants stir-fry the Chinese vegetables with gut feeling. You can have these stir-fried with your choice of sauce and condiment. One of the most famous Chinese eggplant dishes is braised eggplant. If we split the word 大豆 (dàdòu) in two, it means “big bean.”. Like Chinese broccoli, it has large flat leaves and tiny flower buds, but its stalks are slender. Heat oil in wok or large skillet over high heat and add onions, broccoli, celery, ginger and carrots stir fry 2-3 minutes. China's 300,000,000 farmers grow about half of the vegetables eaten in the whole world. As a result, they will know precisely when to stop cooking without testing based on their experience. They are rich in vitamins A, B, and C. Chinese usually eat these in stir-fries and soups, but you can also eat them raw in salads. It is green and smaller. Brussels sprouts are considered a foreign vegetable in China, which explains how the word is broken down: 洋白菜 (yángbáicài) — cabbage or foreign white vegetable, While 甘薯 literally translates to “sweet potato,” 薯 (shǔ) by itself is a bit more specific and means “yam.”, Although cucumber is green, the Chinese call it “yellow melon.”. Vegetables. It doesn’t have much taste, but it’s nice and crunchy when eaten raw, and it also complements main dishes when steamed. More often, we see 菜 (cài), which means “vegetable,” at the end. Large or broad leaf tóng hāo (茼蒿) has rounded and wider leaves with much shorter stems. Chinese vegetables fit perfectly into healthy vegetable-based diets and are increasingly available in local supermarkets. See our recommended Chinese food itineraries for inspiration: Our tours can be customized. Later, they have become an important part of Chinese food and food culture since the Northern and Southern Dynasties (386-589) along with the introduction of the Buddhism. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. can take anywhere. Di San Xian (stir-fried potatoes, eggplant and peppers). This common vegetable in Western cooking isn't used as often in Chinese cooking except in inland areas such as Xinjiang, Guilin, and Sichuan, but it rounds out this list of the top 10 vegetables. This is a traditional Chinese vegetarian dish made with peanuts, spinach, and garlic. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn Chinese with real-world videos. Again, 洋 (yáng) means “foreign.” Adding 葱 (cōng) makes the word refer to green onion, the type most commonly used in Chinese cuisine. In this healthy Asian vegetable stir-fry recipe, watercress is cooked then tossed with traditional Chinese oyster sauce. It has a sharper flavor than the bigger napa cabbage, and is used more sparsely in soups, hotpots and stir-fries. For the highest vitamin content, eat them raw. Chinese dishes often contain peanuts or peanut oil—much more than we’re used to in Western cooking. In Chinese, the word literally means “white vegetable” or “white dish.”. When the oil is hot, add the ginger, garlic, and chili flakes and stir-fry just until they are aromatic, about 30 seconds. It’s very low in calories and completely fat-free. It is a leafy vegetable, also known as snow cabbage or napa cabbage, and is sold in big piles in the markets and very commonly eaten in soups, hotpots, and stir-fried. Here are the 10 most common vegetables you'll find eaten in China and how you can eat them. China is the biggest producer of tomatoes growing a whopping 31% of the world's tomatoes, but much is exported. This dish may contain other vegetables like sweet corn, pepper, or lettuce. This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you These are generally made with a wheat flour dough wrapping meat, vegetables and salt sesame oil, but there are also a variety of vegetarian options. They are rich in calcium and vitamin C and are used in stir-fries and added to soups. One very popular Chinese dish is winter melon soup (winter melon mixed with meat broth). These huge white radishes or daikons look like super-large white carrots instead of the little round red radishes you've had. When you order food in a Chinese restaurant, you can’t just assume that the General Tso’s Tofu or Vegetable Lo Mein is vegan. It’s also incredibly popular in Chinese cuisine. The English translation of Chinese vegetables often includes the word “Chinese,” but of course, the Mandarin word for Chinese eggplant simply means “eggplant.”. Don't miss dumplings filled with eggs, Chinese chives and carrots, available at many restaurants and a particularly tasty treat. Each video comes with interactive subtitles so you can easily look up any word to find out more about it and see it used in example sentences and additional videos. Bok choy is cooked more or less the same way as Chinese cabbage—it’s usually stir-fried or steamed before being added to another dish. As a rule, the Chinese do not eat raw vegetables, and lettuce is no exception. Apart from its many health benefits, it’s also very low in calories. All Rights Reserved. Enjoy These Basic Chinese Rice Dishes The skin may have ridges or be smooth. Similar in appearance to Chinese broccoli is choy sum (also known as yau choy). The best way is to check the doneness of Chinese vegetables is to do a taste test. This Chinese gourd resembles a cucumber with a dark green, pockmarked skin. Coming from southwestern China, garlic chives are not only cultivated for culinary use but also for use as decorative plants. FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. It’s quite often used in Chinese stir-fry recipes. Scoop out the aromatics and set them aside. In Western culture, they’re often considered the same vegetable, which isn’t entirely wrong. They are used to their stove and wok, and the type of vegetables they cook. FluentU brings Chinese to life with real-world videos. Click here to get a copy. Combine water and bouillon granules and set aside. Chinese believe it can slow the onset of alzheimer's and is anti-malarial, anti-cancer, anti-viral, great for your heart, and good for people with diabetes. Bitter melon is a popular ingredient in stir-fries, where it is frequently paired with other strong flavors. Here’s a list of some favorite Western vegetables, along with their Chinese translation. Tong ho has a unique, aromatic, and bitter flavor when harvested early. The Famous Vegetables in China Chinese vegetables come in a variety of intriguing shapes, sizes and textures from fuzzy melon to the tender young shoots of the bamboo plant such as Chinese cabbage, bok choy, mustard greens, winter radish, snow peas, yard-long beans, and varieties of melons, eggplant and cucumbers, among others. Chinese people eat several varieties of cucumbers. It is a popular vegetable in the northeastern regions, Xinjiang, and in Sichuan where a favorite dish is stir-fried thin-sliced spicy hot potatoes. Will it be 白菜 (Chinese cabbage), 冬瓜 (winter melon) or 笋 (bamboo shoots)? Steamed vegetables with a side of sesame sauce; Sautéed green beans; Garlic eggplant; As you can see, your typical Chinese restaurant is brimming with delicious vegan eats. It is tasty when stir-fried with eggs or bits of meat. And now, let’s get started with our list of Chinese vegetable vocab! which vegetables to use For my Chinese mixed vegetable stir fry I used broccoli, carrots, mushrooms, baby sweetcorn, sugar snap peas and asparagus. It’s honest, light and filling with less than 400 calories, leaving room for a little rice. Vegetables include peas, green onions, and sometimes carrots for color. Much like Japanese cuisine, Chinese dishes are rich in umami which is described as a 'pleasant savory taste'. Whether you want to order from a menu at an authentic Chinese restaurant or perhaps take an exciting trip to China, you’re going to need to know some basic vegetable words in Chinese. Although similar to “regular” eggplant, this Chinese vegetable is a bit longer, darker and sweeter. High in protein and quite filling for its size, they are eaten more often inland. Soybean sprouts are simply sprouted soybean seeds. It is a leafy vegetable, also known as snow cabbage or napa cabbage, and is sold in big piles in the markets and very commonly eaten in soups, hotpots, and stir-fried. DIRECTIONS. Watch Out for Hidden Animal Products. Authentic Chinese versions contain scallions, mushrooms and scrambled eggs seasoned with ginger, garlic and rice wine (that you eat wrapped in thin pancakes), but western recipes can also have cabbage, water chestnuts and other veggies. https://www.fluentu.com/blog/chinese/2020/02/05/vegetables-in-chinese According to PotatoPro, China is actually the world’s largest producer of potatoes! Although 菠 (bō) by itself means “spinach,” it’s not usually used on its own. Check it out for yourself by signing up for a free trial. 1. However, this can be lessened by blanching or degorging the melon with salt. It may also contain wasabi root depending on the restaurant. Offered in Chinese restaurants as vegetables in chinese food side dish for Chinese new Year as. 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