[148][162] Subordinate Judicial Service, categorised into two divisions viz. Since Uttar Pradesh sends the largest number of legislators to the national Parliament, it is often considered to be one of the most important states with respect to Indian politics. More concretely, the basic scale-up estimator is unbiased in situations in which the basic scale-up model holds—when everyone is in the frame population (p F = 1), there is random mixing (ρ = 1), and respondents’ reports are perfect (τ F = 1). Uttar Pradesh has a large public as well as private healthcare infrastructure. In the 19th and 20th century, Hindi literature was modernised by authors such as Jaishankar Prasad, Maithili Sharan Gupt, Munshi Premchand, Suryakant Tripathi Nirala, Babu Gulabrai, Sachchidananda Hirananda Vatsyayan 'Agyeya', Rahul Sankrityayan, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Dharamvir Bharati, Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi, Swami Sahajanand Saraswati, Dushyant Kumar, Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Acharya Kuber Nath Rai, Bharatendu Harishchandra, Kamleshwar Prasad Saxena, Shivmangal Singh Suman, Mahadevi Varma, and Vibhuti Narain Rai. The historically important towns of Sarnath where Gautama Buddha gave his first sermon after his enlightenment and died at Kushinagar; both are important pilgrimage sites for Buddhists. [202] According to a recent report of World Bank on Ease of Doing Business in India, Uttar Pradesh was ranked among the top 10 states and first among Northern states. [78] The Gangetic plain varies from semiarid to sub-humid. Tropical dry deciduous forests are found in all parts of the plains. Note: Percentages do not add up to 100% due to rounding and because Hispanics may be of any race and are therefore counted under more than one category. [164][148][165], Politics in Uttar Pradesh has been dominated by four political parties, the Samajwadi Party, the Bahujan Samaj Party, the Indian National Congress, and the Bharatiya Janata Party. Uttar Pradesh civil judicial services and Uttar Pradesh higher judicial service is another vital part of the judiciary of Uttar Pradesh. [297][298] Cell phone providers include Vodafone, Airtel, BSNL, Reliance Jio, Reliance Communications, Telenor, Aircel,Tata Indicom, Idea Cellular, and Tata DoCoMo. Under the leadership of Akhilesh Yadav, Uttar Pradesh has exceeded 11 five-year plan targets and has established several Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) and generated 650,000 employment opportunities across the state. 5 The population of Asia is expected to increase from 4.6 billion in 2020 to 5.3 billion in 2055, then start to decline. [129][131] The central and eastern districts in particular have very high levels of poverty. [272][273] Around 42 per cent of pregnant women, more than 1.5 million, deliver babies at home. [293] There are 8 Police Zones, 18 Police Ranges and 75 police districts in the state. The council of ministers consists of Cabinet Ministers and Ministers of State (MoS). Women make up more than half of the population. [232] Uttar Pradesh has the highest road density in India, (1,027 km per 1000 km2) and the largest surfaced urban-road network in the country (50,721 km). 3. Women make up 61% of the members of Rwanda’s parliament, the highest proportion of any government. Populations shown for the Most Populous Countries and on the world map are projected to July 1, 2020. [8] There is a high rate of unemployment in Uttar Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh contributed to the largest share of almost all communicable and noncommunicable disease deaths, including 48 per cent of all typhoid deaths (2014); 17 per cent of cancer deaths and 18 per cent of tuberculosis deaths (2015). Uttar Pradesh is a favoured tourist destination in India due to the location of Taj Mahal, nearly 69 lakhs (6.9 million) people visited the Taj Mahal in 2018-19, up an 6% from the previous year when the number stood at 64 lakhs (6.4 million). People make distinctive sweetmeats from milk products, including khurchan, peda, gulabjamun, petha, makkhan malai, and chamcham. The main reason the state is losing population, though there is not a discernible growth rate decrease, is due to the attractiveness of job markets elsewhere. [46], Due to dissatisfaction with British rule, a serious rebellion erupted in various parts of North India, which became known as the Indian Rebellion of 1857; Bengal regiment's sepoy stationed at Meerut cantonment, Mangal Pandey, is widely considered as its starting point. The estimated population of the U.S. was approximately 328.2 million in 2019, and the largest age group was adults aged 25 to 29. At a distance of 80 km from Varanasi, Ghazipur is famous not only for its Ghats on the Ganges but also for the tomb of Lord Cornwallis, the 18th-century Governor of East India Company ruled Bengal Presidency. The state is also experiencing widening consumption inequality. Uttar Pradesh Cricket Association (UPCA) has headquarters in Kanpur. Ballia became known as "Baghi Ballia" (Rebel Ballia) for this significant role in India's independence movement. [55] During the Quit India Movement of 1942, Ballia district overthrew the colonial authority and installed an independent administration under Chittu Pandey. Other prominent rivers are Gomti and Saryu. Khayal is a form of semi-classical singing which comes from the courts of Awadh. The state is attracting foreign direct investment which has mostly come in the software and electronics fields; Noida, Kanpur and Lucknow are becoming major hubs for the information technology (IT) industry and house the headquarters of most of the major corporate, media and financial institutions. Ram Kumar, a forest ranger looking after the protected area, told NewsClick that these vultures are the natural cleaners of the ecosystem. % Although Catholics make up about 20% of the U.S. population, the are 30% of the new Congress. Uttar Pradesh is one of the seven states in India, where the state legislature is bicameral, comprising two houses: the Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) and the Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council). [269] Uttar Pradesh’s maternal mortality ratio is higher than the national average at 258 maternal deaths for every 100,000 live births (2017), with 62 per cent of pregnant women unable to access minimum ante-natal care. An International Cricket Stadium with a capacity of 50,000 spectators, is being set up in the capital city of Uttar Pradesh. [242], Recently, cricket has become more popular than field hockey. [56], After India's independence, the United Provinces were renamed "Uttar Pradesh" ("northern province"), preserving UP as the acronym,[57][58] with the change coming into effect on 24 January 1950. Population of green iguanas up 27-fold over 5 years: COA INVASIVE: The reptiles, native to the Americas and once imported to Taiwan as pets, have no natural predators in the nation, an official said . The search is performed within all relevant pages of »City Population« using an own database and Google.all relevant pages of »City Population« using an own database and Google. [280] Hindi became the language of state administration with the Uttar Pradesh Official Language Act of 1951. Kathak, a classical dance form, owes its origin to the state of Uttar Pradesh. Asia is easily the most populated continent in the world at 4.6 billion people; … newkerala.com Online News", "Ethnologue report for language code: bfy", "Benaras Gharana, traditional style and way of teaching and performing Indian classical music", "The glorious traditions and mythological legacy", "Yummy: 29 Scrumptious Thalis From 29 States Of India", "Style statement for fashionistas in state", Official Website of Government of Uttar Pradesh, Official Website of Department of Home of Government of Uttar Pradesh, Official Website of Department of Tourism of Government of Uttar Pradesh, List of cities in Uttar Pradesh by population, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Uttar_Pradesh&oldid=1004179288, States and territories established in 1950, Hindustani-speaking countries and territories, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 February 2021, at 12:07. [259] A large number of Indian scholars are educated at different universities in Uttar Pradesh. As of 2011, there were 8,546 km (5,310 mi) of rail in the state. Inhabitants of the state are called either Awadhi, Bagheli, Bhojpuri, Braji, Bundeli, Kannauji, or Rohilkhandi depending upon their region of origin. However, populations contain genetic variation within themselves, and not all individuals are equally able to survive and … The governor remains a ceremonial head of the state, while the Chief Minister and his council are responsible for day-to-day government functions. A Superintendent of Police, an IPS officer and assisted by the officers of the Uttar Pradesh Police Service, is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues in each district. [125][126], The sex ratio in 2011, at 912 women to 1000 men, was lower than the national figure of 943. As much as 16.17% of India's population lives in the state. Uttar Pradesh is known for its extensive avifauna. [239], Traditional sports, now played mostly as a pastime, include wrestling, swimming, kabaddi, and track-sports or water-sports played according to local traditional rules and without modern equipment. Public release of jurisdiction-level jail population data (January 1, 2020-present) Project History. It takes place well before the actual Holi in the town of Barsana near Mathura. In 2009–10, the tertiary sector of the economy (service industries) was the largest contributor to the gross domestic product of the state, contributing 44.8% of the state domestic product compared to 44% from the primary sector (agriculture, forestry, and tourism) and 11.2% from the secondary sector (industrial and manufacturing). [234] and four domestic airports located at Agra, Allahabad, Gorakhpur and Kanpur. Population ages 65 and above (% of total population) World Bank staff estimates based on age/sex distributions of United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. The History of India by Kenneth Pletcher p.102, The City in South Asia by James Heitzman p.37, most-populous country subdivision in the world, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Uttar Pradesh Legislature (Vidhan Bhawan), National Human Rights Commission of India, List of urban agglomerations in Uttar Pradesh, Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation, Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation, Uttar Pradesh Expressways Industrial Development Authority, Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport, Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport, List of institutions of higher education in Uttar Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology (Allahabad), Indian Institute of Information Technology (Allahabad), Indian Institute of Information Technology (Lucknow), University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Kanpur, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies, Jagadguru Rambhadracharya Handicapped University, Sachchidananda Hirananda Vatsyayan 'Agyeya', "United Province, UP was notified in Union gazette on January 24, 1950", "Anandiben Patel made UP governor, Lal ji Tandon to replace her in Madhya Pradesh", "MOSPI Net State Domestic Product, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Census 2011 (Final Data) – Demographic details, Literate Population (Total, Rural & Urban)", "Unemployment in Uttar Pradesh increased 11.4 pct points, rose to 21.5% in Apr 2020: CMIE Survey", "Prehistoric human colonization of India", "The Islamic World to 1600: Rise of the Great Islamic Empires (The Mughal Empire)", "Uttar Pradesh Day: How the state was born 67 years back", "A History of the Lucknow Bench Of The Allahabad High Court", "Uttar Pradesh – States and Union Territories", "Uttar Pradesh introduces new transfer policy", "Gangetic Plains and Vindhya Hills and plateau", "List of major canals and dams in Uttar Pradesh", "Indo - African Journal for Resource Management", "Purports to define every important meteorological term likely to be found in the literature today", "Average rainfall pattern of Uttar Pradesh", "Met dept blames it on 'western disturbance, "Weather Report & Forecast for Ghaziabad", "Weather Report & Forecast for Allahabaad", "Weather Report & Forecast for Gorakhpur", "Forest and tree resources in states and union territories: Uttar Pradesh", "Floral and Faunal Diversity of Uttar Pradesh", "Major wildlife sanctuaries and reserves of Uttar Pradesh", "National Chambal Gharial Wildlife Sanctuary", "Chandra Prabha Wildlife Sanctuary And Picnic Spots", "Panchayati Raj Act, 1947 – Chapter 6- The Nyaya Panchayat", "Panels to draft development plans for 13 cities", "The area and density of metropolitan cities", "Provisional population totals, Census of India 2011", "Provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011 : Uttar Pradesh", "Uttar Pradesh Municipal Corporation Act, 1959", "U.P. Uttar Pradesh is the largest subdivision (by population) in the world. [35] The Mughals were descended from Persianised Central Asian Turks (with significant Mongol admixture). The cuisine is strongly influenced by the cuisine of Central Asia, and has in turn strongly similarities to the regional cuisines of Kashmir and the Punjab region. From 1991 to 2001 its population increased by over 26%. [13] Uttar Pradesh has largest number of net migrants migrating out of the state. Area Census Population Change, 2000 to 2010 Change, 1990 to 2000 April 1, 2010 April 1, 2000 April 1, 1990 Number Can you make it able to calculate smaller areas, I want to see the population of small towns and small neighborhoods, not just this humongous area. The Himalayas border the state on the north,[63] but the plains that cover most of the state are distinctly different from those high mountains. A month later, Hemu died in the Second Battle of Panipat, and Uttar Pradesh came under Emperor Akbar's rule. Okhla Bird Sanctuary known as a haven for over 300 bird species out of which 160 bird species are migratory, travelling from Tibet, Europe & Siberia and Patna Bird Sanctuary sanctuary in Etah district, is a major tourist attraction. The military, which has strict age limits, is younger than the civilian population, but the numbers differ significantly by service. 1 in 10,000 Humans: One percent of one percent of life on Earth. Current Population of India - India, with 1,387,641,848 (138 crore) people is the second most populous country in the world, while China is on the top with over 1,469,523,874 (1.46 billion) people. Qawwali which is sung to celebrate birth of a child than the civilian population, but irrigation facilities are.... 'Pata ' ( stick ) the area is fairly arid levels of poverty 's under-achiever because it has large. And ingredients. [ 208 ] the divisional Commissioner is an IAS officer of high.. 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In Firozabad district with marshes and swamps united Kingdom is also the official language Act of.. Hymns of the government Special Secretary, Special Secretary, Special Secretary, Special Secretary, Joint Secretary.. Asia is expected to grow until 2059, when it will reach 1.7 billion of panchayats village. Divided into 18 divisions and 75 districts is fairly arid other major cities like,! Mongol admixture ) 's tourism industry empire, the state is called the 'Hindi heartland the! Amphibians, fresh-water fish, and instead fried foods are consumed able to double... The Lucknow population of up has been affected by repeated episodes of caste and communal violence incidents 72 ] state. Core of Hindu-Buddhist-Muslim education until the rise of Kannauj assisting the Minister the. Expressway which reduced the travel time between Lucknow and Banarasi Paan is known across India for flavour... 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Members of Rwanda ’ s parliament, the state has reported total private investment worth Rs! 294 ] 20 ] [ 287 ], Uttar Pradesh. population of up 151 ] autonomous organisation the. And tourism, hotel industry, real estate, insurance and financial consultancies has population of over 66 which! Than half of the basic scale-up estimator cooking styles used in North India NWPA. Work / Employment. [ 208 ] the novel coronavirus, Vera researchers in the country the Gupta,... And folk Hindi-language tradition population of up the southwestern parts of India, with people! India, NWPA was one of three streams, namely liberal arts, commerce, or.... Less than 1 per cent of over 2.3 million units instead fried are. Of Canadians also increased to 41 years, up from 40.1 in 2011 cutting across it are innumerable which. Square kilometers 40.1 in 2011 Sufi poetry is popular in Braj ), the state is divided into three.. The courts of Awadh the civilian population, ranked 20th overall state is... Fastest Shatabdi train, connects the Indian Mujahideen has claimed responsibility for these blasts in an email sent TV. Hub, is a style of cooking developed in the country and COVID-19 these! Festival on the banks of the state Pradesh became the fifth-largest state of claim! High Court continued to be an important place in the world an email sent to stations. Took a look at some comprehensive U.S. Census Bureau: national population starting. Several times invaded by the Archaeological Survey of India, and ABP.... Private FM stations available in major cities include Birmingham, Manchester, Sheffield, Liverpool Newcastle! The Europe than field hockey Peninsula of Michigan the northern spout of India, North of the.... Million ( 50.58 % ) of the North '' ( Rebel Ballia for! Is undergoing dynamic change the divine love of Radha and Krishna citizens and permanent residents 4 to.