Andromeda polifolia L. – bog rosemary. Common names are from state and federal lists. The fruits of marsh Andromeda are small bluish dried capsules that turn brown in October. It was named by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus during his 1732 expedition to Lapland, Finland, and compared the plant to Andromeda from Greek Mythology. Read more here. Bog rosemary is a low, narrow-leaved, evergreen shrub inhabiting peat bogs throughout the upper Northern Hemisphere. It is not a true rosemary (Rosmarinus), as those species are a part of the Lamiaceae, or mint, family. Bog rosemary, (Andromeda polifolia), also called moorwort, low evergreen shrub of the heath family (Ericaceae). They are extremely small in size, and considering their height, it isn’t unusual to miss them – especially since they grow in areas surrounded by mosses. Marsh Andromeda. The plant is native to bogs in northeastern North America, northern and central Europe, and northern Asia. Several small, bell-shaped, pink or white flowers occur together in a curved umbel at the tip of a branch. It is an acid-loving evergreen that needs full to partial sun. The narrow green leaves are about 3 cm (1.2 inches) long and resemble those of true rosemary ( Rosmarinus officinalis ), which is unrelated. long, narrow, dull green, with edges deeply rolled under, white on underside. Bog rosemary is named for its narrow, leathery leaves with white undersides, which resemble rosemary spice (Rosmarinus officinalis). This plant has no children. Grows in acid bogs. Conservation Status Map Andromeda polifolia, common name bog-rosemary,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the heath family Ericaceae, native to northern parts of the Northern Hemisphere. Plant Common Name. latifolia found in Minnesota. polifolia. Hugs ~ Mary. The reddish flower is beautiful, and as it contains nectar and is fragrant it is clearly intended to attract pollinators. Spreading habit well-suited for low borders, in moist situations. This low-growing shrub inhabits mossy regions of bogs. Valuable cold climate problem solver and rock garden plant. Moderate growth to less than 1 foot tall, spreading 3 feet wide. You’ll see a half-dozen tiny urn-shaped flowers growing together in a cluster at each stem tip. The common name given to this plant – Bog-rosemary – is due to the resemblance of its leaves to those of the shrub Rosemarinus officinalis or Rosemary, the fragrant leaves of which are used to flavour Mediterranean cooking. Dramatic mounding groundcover bearing small pink bell shaped flowers. Bog-rosemary is an indicator of bog habitats that feature various orchids, insectivorous plants such as sundew, bladderwort, and pitcher plant, and other interesting species. glaucophylla. General Description. It is a marsh plant very different from the rosemary you cook with in the kitchen. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/bog-rosemary, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Bog Rosemary. Please visit our … Bog-rosemaries are wildflowers native to Ireland, and are usually found in the centre of the country. Subordinate Taxa. Family Ericaceae Genus Andromeda are small evergreen shrubs of low, spreading growth, with narrow, leathery leaves and umbels of small white or pink urn-shaped flowers in spring and early summer Details 'Compacta' is a small evergreen shrub to 20cm in height, with oval leaves and terminal clusters of clear pink, globose flowers I planted 3 small (6" pot) bog rosemary plants in the moist rock section of one of my gardens … Unusual in its genetics, because it … Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Click on this article for more information. Hyde—NHPA/Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Andromeda polifolia, common name bog-rosemary, is a species of flowering plant in the heath family Ericaceae, native to northern parts of the Northern Hemisphere. The flowers are bell-shaped, white to pink, 5–8 mm (0.20–0.31 in) long; flowering is in late spring to early summer. General Plant Information ( Edit) Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. – bog rosemary. Bog rosemary flowering shrub is ideal for rock gardens. Instructions for use: add 2 drops to a small cup of water and take a sip 4 times/daily. 5 years ago Happy To Design. Leaves 1–2 in. Full sun or part shade. Andromeda polifolia var. Bog rosemary grows 30 to 60 cm (1 to 2 feet) tall and has a creeping rootstock. However, the two plants are unrelated. Andromeda polifolia ‘Nana’, called Compact Bog Rosemary, is a mounding ground cover produces masses of tiny pink flowers. Bog Rosemary is a multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a more or less rounded form. Unusual in this list, because it is the “upright shrub” listed. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Plant thrives in perpetual moisture but intolerant of saturated soils. The specific epithet is a noun in apposition, which Linnaeus based on Johann Christian Buxbaum's pre-Linnaean generic designation Polifolia. There are 2 varieties in North America, with var. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Bog Rosemary. Some years the flowers are almost as big as the plant! iodandra, Andromeda polifolia ssp. Its cultivar 'Blue Ice' has striking silvery blue-green leaves, and bears pale dainty, pale-pink, lantern-shaped flowers in late spring and early summer. Plant thrives in perpetual moisture but intolerant of saturated soils. Bog rosemary blossoms are unusual flowers. Dramatic mounding groundcover bearing small pink bell shaped flowers. Love your feature choices. Height: 1.50 ft. The narrow green leaves are about 3 cm (1.2 inches) long and resemble those of true rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), which is unrelated. This is a relatively low maintenance shrub, and usually looks its best without pruning, although it … : sun - part shade Plant description: WIth attractive foliage and long blooming, pink flowers this works well in the wettest parts of the garden. Flowers hanging in 2–6 in. Evergreen shrub. bog rosemary. [9], Andromeda polifolia var. Bog Rosemary (Andromeda polifolia) grows to a height of 20 to 30 cm and has green, lanceolate leaves which curl amusingly at the edges so that you can see part of the underside that is blue or white. Numerous cultivars have been developed for garden use, all of which require damp acid soil in shade. Bog rosemary flowering shrub is ideal as groundcover Dwarf habit displays icy-blue leaves and masses of pink, bell-shaped flowers that bloom in early spring Thrives in moist soils and partly sunny areas that receive no more than 6 hours of morning sunlight per day … The small pinkish white flowers are urn-shaped and grow in small terminal clusters. bog rosemary. Bog rosemary plants thrive in boggy habitats like wet swamps and dry bog moss hummocks. Commonly called bog rosemary, it may also be known as marsh andromeda. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T64263821A67728518.en, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Andromeda_polifolia&oldid=984334145, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 October 2020, at 15:38. Thanks for hosting, Honey. : wet Exposure req. Of course it grows in soggy, boggy soil, thus the word “bog” is part of the name. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Bog Rosemary is part of the Ericaceae family of plants, which includes heath, heather, rhododendron, azalea, and blueberry shrubs. Variety. Pale pink, nodding flowers grow in pink stems between the leaves. The flowers appear in May, each about ¼ inch long and pale pink. Thrives in partly sunny areas, and requires semi-moist soil for healthy plant growth Legal Status. The small pinkish white flowers are urn-shaped and grow in small terminal clusters. All parts of the plant contain andromedotoxin and are considered poisonous. Andromeda polifolia L. var. Blooms heavily in early spring on dense mat of icy blue leaves. Availability: Medium Growing ease: Medium Moisture req. glaucophylla, but the accepted name in Minnesota is Andromeda polifolia. These do not however fly around bogs much at the beginning of summer when the plant is flowering, so for safety’s sake it is self-pollinating. The fruit is a small capsule containing numerous seeds. Leaf margins roll under. The delicate nodding pink flowers festoon northern bogs in May. Bog rosemary’s flower buds develop already in the previous growing season. The cultivars 'Compacta'[7] and 'Macrophylla'[8] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The species name, polifolia means \"gray-leaved\" in Latin. Bog Rosemary also commonly goes by Latin name Andromeda glaucophylla or Andromeda polifolia var. ... My New Bog Name is California Coastal Home! Andromeda. This bog-rosemary variety is a low, evergreen shrub growing from 8 in to 3 ft. tall. It grows in bogs in the Adirondack Mountains of upstate New York. The common name — Bog Rosemary — is because its leaves resemble the leaves of the edible herb plant Rosemary. polifolia leaves, Andromeda polifolia, Pancake Bay, Ontario. Valuable cold climate problem solver and rock garden plant. The upper sides of the leaves are a … Legal Status. Andromeda polifolia var. Rosemary@villabarnes February 16, 2012 at 4:13 PM. Several ornamental cultivars have been developed, though the plant requires cool moist conditions and acidic soil to flourish. [5] The common name "bog rosemary" derives from the superficial resemblance of the leaves to those of rosemary, which is not closely related. What is bog rosemary? Omissions? It is a small shrub growing to 10–20 cm (4–8 in) (rarely to 40 cm or 16 in) tall with slender stems. The viability of populations of Bog-rosemary and its habitat may be enhanced by creating buffers and protecting the natural hydrology around bogs. Bog Rosemary, Bog-rosemary Ericaceae (Heath Family) Synonym(s): Andromeda glaucophylla, Andromeda glaucophylla var. Andromeda polifolia – Bog Rosemary Now, here is a very unusual plant! It is the only member of the genus Andromeda, and is only found in bogs in cold peat-accumulating areas. It is the only member of the genus Andromeda, and is only found in bogs in cold peat-accumulating areas. polifolia. Ingredients: purified water, organic Demeter Certified Biodynamic® brandy (alcohol 20% by volume) and the vibrational infusion of Bog Rosemary - Andromeda polifolia. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. The leaves are evergreen, alternately arranged, lanceolate, 1–5 cm (1⁄2–2 in) long and 2–8 mm (0.08–0.31 in) broad, dark green above (purplish in winter) and white beneath with the leaf margins curled under. Bog rosemary contains grayanotoxin, which when ingested may cause respiratory problems, dizziness, vomiting, or diarrhoea. Like most other members of the family Ericaceae, they are acid-loving plants (calcifuges), and must be grown in a medium with a low pH. Compact evergreen shrub produces pale-pink blooms and fine-textured, silver-gray leaves that last throughout the year. Range map for Bog Rosemary (Andromeda polifolia) PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. 'Blue Ice') Common names: ( 2) Bog Rosemary. Bog rosemary grows 30 to 60 cm (1 to 2 feet) tall and has a creeping rootstock. Bog rosemary ( Andromeda polifolia) G.E. loose clusters, bell-shaped, wider at open end, in shades of pink or white. Ripening fruit of Bog Rosemary. Bog Rosemary flowers, in early May. The foliage on Mountain desert sage is as white as white sage but more neat and the plant more compact with stunning flowers. It lends an extremely fine and delicate texture to the landscape composition which should be used to full effect. Bog Rosemary Andromeda polifolia A beautiful relative of heather, with delicate pink bell-shaped flowers. It belongs to the Ericaceae family. The precise plant that Bauhin meant by polium is uncertain, but it may have been Teucrium montanum. The flowers are elegant, showy on a very clean, smooth plant. Perfect plant for rock gardens. Corrections? 5 years ago Sweet Romantic Notions. Macroscopic plant remains from the freshwater Miocene of the Nowy Sącz Basin (West Carpathians, Poland) by Łańcucka-Środoniowa M, Acta Palaeobotanica 1979 20 (1): 3-117. Fragrance is not as good as Musk Sage, but the flowers are pink and lavender with hints of blue. Updates? Shrub leavs are alternate, simple, narrow, leathery, sharp-tipped, whitish below; flowers white to pale pink, urn-shaped, in terminal, nodding clusters. glaucophylla (Link) DC. There are two varieties, treated as distinct species by some botanists: The genus was named by Carl Linnaeus who observed it during his 1732 expedition to Lapland and compared the plant to Andromeda from Greek mythology. glaucophylla USDA Symbol: ANPOG USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), GL (N), SPM. Many fossil seeds of †Andromeda carpatica have been extracted from borehole samples of the Middle Miocene fresh water deposits in Nowy Sacz Basin, West Carpathians, Poland.[6]. The rosemary-like foliage of this wildflower never fails to enchant those lucky enough to find it during its brief flowering in late spring. [4] Buxbaum in turn derived the name from Johann Bauhin, who used it to mean "having polium-like leaves". Bog Rosemary (Andromeda polifolia) is a small, native evergreen shrub with blue-gray foliage which produces small pinkish flowers in spring. Bog Rosemary plants peeking out from the snow in a wintery bog. Bog Rosemary is a member of the Heath family. 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