Sahara Desert The Sahara Desert is the world’s largest desert area. Sahara definition: a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Red Sea and from the... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples When they talk about a foreign desert in a place called “X”, they say “Sahra X”. Many of the organisms that can survive have been able to do so with adaptations for arid environments: for example, many herbaceous plants found in the Sahara are ephemerals, meaning that almost all of their life cycle—from germination to seed dispersal—occurs in the two- to three-week period after a heavy rain. The Sahara Desert is the world’s largest hot desert. proper noun. The name Sahara means Desert and is of Arabic origin. SEE ALSO Sarah. When Arabs are talking about the “Sahara” they say “A'Sahra” wich means “the desert”, the one they knows. mi. The Sahara Desert is the world’s largest hot desert. The dunes ca… Can you identify the antonym of “protagonist,” or the opposite of a hero or heroine? What does Sahara mean? Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. (sə-hâr′ə, -hăr′ə, -hä′rə) A vast desert of northern Africa extending east from the Atlantic coast to the Red Sea and south from the Atlas Mountains and the Mediterranean Sea to the Sahel. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). After World War II, prospecting revealed that the Sahara was laden with oil and mineral resources, which have served as a major attractor of international investment since. It stretches from the Red Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. The expert explorer will find something interesting in Sahara, but almost any prowler will have a rare time in Panama. It comes after Antarctica and Arctic deserts. But of all the deserts in the world, it ranks third in terms of area. It is of Arabic origin, and the meaning of Sahara is "desert". Sand dunes (ergs, edeyin, or ramlah) cover great areas of the Sahara. They were now staying in the same hotel in this oasis in the desert of Sahara. Several studies of the rocks in the region indicate that the Sahara became established as a climatic desert approximately 2–3 million years ago, an interval that spanned from the late Pliocene to the early Pleistocene Epoch. There are also indigenous names for particular areas—such as the Tanezrouft region of southwestern Algeria and the Ténéré region of central Niger—which are often of Berber origin. Filling nearly all of northern Africa, it measures approximately 3,000 miles (4,800 km) from east to west and between 800 and 1,200 miles from north to south and has a total area of some 3,320,000 square miles (8,600,000 square km); the actual area varies as the desert expands and contracts over time. Saharan synonyms, Saharan pronunciation, Saharan translation, English dictionary definition of Saharan. The Sahara Desert has expanded by about 10 percent since 1920, according to a new study. Learn how to say Sahara Desert with EmmaSaying free pronunciation tutorials. Algeria. It had taken the camels and their black-turbaned Berber herders four long days to walk from the Sahara. The age of the Sahara has been a matter of some dispute. Place name: an inhospitable desert in North Africa. The highest point in the desert is the 11,204-foot (3,415-metre) summit of Mount Koussi in the Tibesti Mountains in Chad. A prominent feature of the plains is the dark patina of ferromanganese compounds, called desert varnish, that forms on the surfaces of weathered rocks. Dictionary.com Unabridged Archaeological findings indicate that there were once ancient Saharan lakes, upon the shores of which humans lived, hunted, and fished. Sahara definition, a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Nile valley. Just look at the Sahara Desert, which 6000 years ago was a tropical jungle. A string of dry years shriveled vegetation in Africa's Sahel, causing some to fear that the Sahara Desert was shifting south. But of all the deserts in the world, it ranks third … A string of dry years shriveled vegetation in Africa's Sahel, causing some to fear that the Sahara Desert was shifting south. See synonyms for Sahara Desert proper noun A vast desert in North Africa that extends from the Atlantic Ocean on the west to the Red Sea on the east and from the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlas Mountains in the north to the Sahel in the south. The bled is made of very different stuff from the sand-ocean of the Sahara. km (3,500,000 sq. The Sahara is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west, the Red Sea on the east, the Mediterranean Sea on the north and the Sahel Savannah on the south. mi. The Dictionary.com Word Of The Year For 2020 Is …. Even after these lakes ceased to exist, humans survived for centuries in the desert using alternative methods: nomadic pastoralists herded goats, sheep, or camels to whatever pasturage could be found; sedentary agriculturalists, confined to oases, harnessed their limited water resources to grow crops such as date palms and barley; and specialists (for example, blacksmiths) traded wares with their agriculturalist and pastoralist neighbors. The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition You see, I came to Sahara Wells hoping to see you, but you were sightseeing. About 3,500,000 sq. Although these industries have introduced potentially high-wage jobs to the Sahara, they are also responsible for the displacement of desert peoples from their traditional modes of existence and have contributed to the increasing overcrowding and poverty in developed regions. Other organisms, although adapted more for a Mediterranean or tropical climate than an arid one, have persisted in the Sahara mostly by sticking to its slightly more hospitable highlands and oases. Chairman, Commission on Arid Lands, International Geographical Union. mi. “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. Several pyramidal dunes in the Sahara attain heights of nearly 500 feet, while draa, the mountainous sand ridges that dominate the ergs, are said to reach 1,000 feet. Sahara - Sahara - Climate: The age of the Sahara has been a matter of some dispute. The Sahara Desert is located in the northern portion of Africa and covers over 3,500,000 square miles (9,000,000 sq km) or roughly 10% of the continent. See more. The serirs and regs differ in character in various regions of the desert but are believed to represent Cenozoic depositional surfaces. Sahara definition: 1. a very large desert in North Africa 2. a very large desert in North Africa. The climate of the Sahara, Too extreme. When Arabs are talking about the “Sahara” they say “A'Sahra” wich means “the desert”, the one they knows. On another episode of Man vs. Wild, Grylls finds himself the guest of honor after the killing of a goat in the Sahara. Its origin is " Hebrew ". https://www.britannica.com/place/Sahara-desert-Africa, LiveScience - The Sahara: Facts, Climate and Animals of the Desert, Sahara - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Sahara - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). What’s The Difference Between “Yule” And “Christmas”? It is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Atlas Mountains, the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, and the Sahel region. CREATIVE FORMS (female) a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Red Sea and from the Mediterranean to central Mali, Niger, Chad, and the Sudan: the largest desert in the world, occupying over a quarter of Africa; rises to over 3300 m (11 000 ft) in the central mountain system of the Ahaggar and Tibesti massifs; large reserves of iron ore, oil, and natural gas. Sahara ( n.) the world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa; Professor of Geography, University of Bristol, England, 1957–77. a. km). Desert in Arabic is “Sahra” and not “Sahara”. The Sahara, perhaps the best-known desert in the world, starts with a single "s," the same as desert. (The Arctic basin and the Antarctic continent -- … Hebrews midbar, "pasture-ground;" an open tract for pasturage; a common ().The "backside of the desert" is the west of the desert, the region behind a man, as the east is the region in front.The same Hebrew word is rendered "wildernes," and is used of the country lying between Egypt and Palestine (Genesis 21:14, 21; Exodus 4:27; 19:2; Joshua 1:4), the wilderness of the wanderings. ASSOCIATED WITH arabic. Find out more about the name Sahara at BabyNames.com. While the shifts between a green Sahara and a desert do constitute a type of climate change, it’s important to understand that the mechanism differs from what we think of … “Monolith” vs. “Megalith”: What’s The Difference? Satellite data spanning more than twenty years now shows that the Sahel is holding its own against the Sahara and may be recovering with the return of near-normal rainfall. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. 2. Other noteworthy formations include the Ennedi Plateau of Chad, the Aïr Massif of Niger, the Iforas Massif of Mali, and the outcroppings of the Mauritanian Adrar region. The word Sahara is derived from the Arabic word ‘ṣaḥra’ meaning desert. The meaning of Sahara is “Inca Gold, desert, moon”. A vast desert in North Africa, extending from the Atlantic in the west to the Red Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean and the Atlas Mountains in the north to the Sahel in the south. Ancient Origins articles related to Sahara Desert in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends. Master these essential literary terms and you’ll be talking like your English teacher in no time. The Sahara desert is huge enough all the United States and it means “desert” in Arabic and hence the meaning of “Sahara Desert” would be called as “‘Desert’ Desert”. Modern economic development has disrupted many of these traditional means of subsistence, however, with many desert dwellers seeking more lucrative opportunities in developed regions and oases. Certain groups have long relied on traveling and trading along caravan routes to obtain their livelihood, journeying by camel to oases and population centers all over the Sahara. Because of the stability of the shield, subsequently deposited Paleozoic formations have remained horizontal and relatively unaltered. It is the spread of arid areas caused by a variety of factors, such as climate change (particularly the current global warming) and overexploitation of soil as a result of human activity. Describe 2020 In Just One Word? The name Sahara comes from an Arabic word, sahra', meaning “desert.” There are also local names in indigenous languages for areas such as the Tanezrouft, which is a pebbly plain in southwest Algeria, and the Tenere (Land of Fear) in Niger. VARIANTS Saharah, Saharra, Sahra, Zahara. (9,065,000 sq. The largest desert in the world, it covers an area of about 9,065,000 sq. Author of. The southern reaches of the Sahara end in the Sahel, a semiarid buffer zone that separates the desert from the more temperate savanna biomes beyond. Of Sahara, hostile to those who do not understand their language, 262. The Sahara sits atop the African Shield, which is composed of heavily folded and denuded Precambrian rocks. Another meaning of Sahara is " Moon ". The principal topographical features of the Sahara include shallow, seasonally inundated basins (chotts and dayas) and large oasis depressions; extensive gravel-covered plains (serirs or regs); rock-strewn plateaus (hammadas); abrupt mountains; and sand sheets, dunes, and sand seas (ergs). The name Sahara derives from the Arabic noun ṣaḥrāʾ, meaning desert, and its plural, ṣaḥārāʾ. A protagonist is the main character of a story, or the lead. Desertification is a type of land degradation in drylands in which biological productivity is lost due to natural processes or induced by human activities whereby fertile areas become increasingly arid. Updates? Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? (1.) Dictionary entry overview: What does Sahara Desert mean? Its origin is " Arabic ". Sahara Name Meaning. (9,065,000 sq. Highest recorded temperature: 58°C (136.4°F), On Foot in the High Atlas Mountains of Morocco, Jill Kelley’s Campaign to Befriend Petraeus, Allen, and Other Top Brass, ‘Fear Factor’ Donkey Semen, More Gross Things Eaten on TV (Video), An Account of Timbuctoo and Housa Territories in the Interior of Africa. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. km). About 3,500,000 sq. Arabic word á¹£aḥrā´ (صَحراء), meaning "deserts". Sahara definition: a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Red Sea and from the... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The name Sahara derives from the Arabic noun á¹£aḥrāʾ, meaning desert, and its plural, á¹£aḥārāʾ. (9,065,000 sq. The American Interest reports that vast aquifers of water have been found beneath the Sahara desert. 1. the world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa Familiarity information: SAHARA DESERT used as a noun is very rare. Science Magazine Aug 23, 2020 The lowest, 436 feet (133 metres) below sea level, is in the Qattara Depression of Egypt. Sahara, a desert in North Africa, the largest hot desert in the world. In the southern Sahara, downwarping of the African Shield created large basins occupied by Cenozoic lakes and seas, such as the ancient Mega-Chad. It is the hottest desert in the world! Ancient Origins articles related to Sahara Desert in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends. The meaning of Sahara is “Inca Gold, desert, moon”. A number of other factors affect climatic variability within the Sahara as well: topography does so, as do ocean currents, the latter of which are responsible for the slightly cooler and more humid conditions found on the desert’s western margins. At approximately 3.5 million square miles, it is the world's largest desert. Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. The Ahaggar Plateau rises from the barren landscape of the Sahara in southern S ahara as a girls' name is pronounced sah-HAH-rah. This can refer to a vast sandy area without vegetation, or any empty, lifeless expanse. The Sahara Desert ecoregion covers an area of 4,619,260 km (1,783,510 sq mi) in the hot, hyper-arid center of the Sahara, surrounded on the north, south, east, and west by desert ecoregions with higher rainfall and more vegetation. In Arabic the Sahara is called Al-Ṣaḥrāʾ al-Kubrā, or “the Great Desert.” The Arabic word ṣaḥrāʾ simply means “desert,” and its plural form, ṣaḥārāʾ, is where the northern African desert gets its Anglicized name. (Page of tag Sahara Desert) SEE ALSO Sarah. People have lived in the Sahara long before recorded history, at certain times in regions that are now too arid for human inhabitance. Thus we have in the northern hemisphere the Sahara desert, the deserts of Arabia, Iran, Turan, Takla Makan and Gobi, and the desert regions of the Great Basin in North America; and in the southern hemisphere the Kalahari desert in Africa, the desert of Australia, and the desert … The word ṣaḥrāʾ shares its roots with the Arabic word aṣḥar, which translates to “desert-like” and specifically connotes the yellowish red color that characterizes the Sahara’s sandy expanses. The Sahara exhibits great climatic variability within its borders, with two major climatic regimes differentiating along a north-south axis: the desert’s northern latitudes are arid subtropical and have two rainy seasons, while the southern ones, although also arid, are more tropical and have only one rainy season. It runs through many countries including Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, and The Sudan. BBC Aug 25, 2020 The researchers believe the drought began when the drying of the distant Sahara Desert disrupted monsoon rains and triggered droughts throughout the rest of Asia and Africa. Sahara definition, a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Nile valley. The vast desert encompasses several ecologically distinct regions. In recent years it has been extending southwards into the Sahel. km). Place name: an inhospitable desert in North Africa. Animals such as the desert snail survive by using estivation, a period of dormancy that some animals can enter when encountering extreme environmental stress. Average annual rainfall: less than 254 mm (10 in.). The enormous desert spans 11 countries: Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Western Sahara, Sudan and Tunisia.The Sahara desert has a variety of land features, but is most famous for the sand dune fields that are often depicted in movies. The principal types of dunes include tied dunes, which form in the lee of hills or other obstacles; parabolic blowout dunes; crescent-shaped barchans and transverse dunes; longitudinal seifs; and the massive, complex forms associated with sand seas. To the south, the Sahara Desert is bounded by the Sahel, which is a semi-arid savannah of Sudan and … miles). Related: Top 10 Incredibly Adaptive Sahara Desert Animals. In the northern Sahara, these formations are also associated with a series of basins and depressions extending from the oases of western Egypt to the chotts of Algeria. It is also related to the adjective aṣḥar, meaning desertlike and carrying a strong connotation of the reddish colour of the vegetationless plains. Sahara is a name that's been used primarily by parents who are considering baby names for girls. The Sahara in North Africa, is the largest desert in the world except for Antarctica and is the largest hot desert.. Keep in mind that many names may have different meanings in other countries and languages, so be careful that the name that you choose doesn’t mean something bad or unpleasant. It is also related to the adjective aṣḥar, meaning desertlike and carrying a strong connotation of the reddish colour of the vegetationless plains. STARTS/ENDS WITH Sa-, -ara. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. About 5,000 to 10,000 years ago, the Sahara was a region of savanna vegetation and extensive surface water, most of which had disappeared by Roman times. S ahara as a girls' name is pronounced sah-HAH-rah. Variations. The plateaus of the Sahara, such as the Tademaït Plateau of Algeria, are typically covered with angular, weathered rock. The Sahara is the world's largest warm-weather desert, roughly equal in size to the contiguous United States. It is also the world’s largest hot desert extending to an area of 3,600,000 square miles with average temperatures during the hottest months reaching 100.4 to 104.0 °F. Actually, a desert might be named Sahara, but the meaning of the name is "Dawn" Famous real-life people named Sahara The Sahara Desert is the world's largest hot, non-polar desert and is located in North Africa. Temperature of the Sahara Desert Sand dunes in the Sahara, near Merzouga, Morocco. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Antarctica and Arctic deserts are cold deserts. He was happy when the Khawams opened a series of restaurants of their own, all called Sahara. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? Keep in mind that many names may have different meanings in other countries and languages, so be careful that the name that you choose doesn’t mean something bad or unpleasant. Sand sheets and dunes cover approximately 25 percent of the Sahara’s surface. The Sahara Desert covers much of North Africa and spreads from the Red Sea in the east to the Mediterranean in the north to the Atlantic Ocean in the west. It is bounded in the east by the Red Sea and it stretches west to the Atlantic Ocean. The meaning of Sahara is " Desert ". a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Nile valley. The discovery of 7-million-year-old dune deposits throughout northern Chad in 2006, however, suggests that the region became … When they talk about a foreign desert in a place called “X”, they say “Sahra X”. Desert in Arabic is “Sahra” and not “Sahara”. (Page of tag Sahara Desert) A soldier who runs away from the army is called a deserter. Accounts emerge from the harrowing Islamist attack on an oil field in the Sahara Desert. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition Satellite data spanning more than twenty years now shows that the Sahel is holding its own against the Sahara and may be recovering with the return of near-normal rainfall. Area: 9 100 000 sq km (3 500 000 sq miles). We Asked, You Answered. Some scientists estimate that the Sahara became arid about two to three million years ago, while others contend that it happened before this. STARTS/ENDS WITH Sa-, -ara. The word for the barren desert, because the stress is on the first syllable, is rarely mistaken for the other uses of the word, in which the second syllable is stressed. VARIANTS Saharah, Saharra, Sahra, Zahara. What Is An Em Dash And How Do You Use It? • SAHARA DESERT (noun) The noun SAHARA DESERT has 1 sense:. The word Sahara comes from the Arabic word sahra’, meaning desert. Several studies of the rocks in the region indicate that the Sahara became established as a climatic desert approximately 2–3 million years ago, an interval that spanned from the late Pliocene to the early Pleistocene Epoch. Over much of the Sahara, these formations were covered by Mesozoic deposits—including the limestones of Algeria, southern Tunisia, and northern Libya, and the Nubian sandstones of the Libyan Desert—and many of the important regional aquifers are identified with them. Variations. The Sahara Desert is located in the northern portion of Africa and covers over 3,500,000 square miles (9,000,000 sq km) or roughly 10% of the continent. ASSOCIATED WITH arabic. It extends from the Africa’s Atlantic Ocean side to the Red Sea and consists of the countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, and Sudan.It is about 5,200 miles long. An unusual phenomenon associated with desert sands is their “singing” or booming. Occasionally you'll hear someone say, "He got his just deserts," which doesn't have anything to do with abandonment; it means he got what he deserved. Omissions? © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Definitions of Sahara from WordNet. What does Sahara mean? See more. Oil, natural gas, and coal reserves have been discovered all over northern Africa and particularly have been exploited by various countries, such as Egypt, Libya, and Algeria. Sahara, (from Arabic ṣaḥrāʾ, “desert”) largest desert in the world. The Sahara is the world's largest desert; it extends across most of the northern part of Africa. 2. The People’s Choice 2020 Word Of The Year: 2020 Was A $#@#%%$@! About 3,500,000 sq. CREATIVE FORMS (female) The Sahara is bordered in the west by the Atlantic Ocean, in the north by the Atlas Mountains and Mediterranean Sea, in the east by the Red Sea, and in the south by the Sahel—a semiarid region that forms a transitional zone between the Sahara to the north and the belt of humid savannas to the south. All rights reserved. As a verb, it means to leave someone or something. The Most Surprisingly Serendipitous Words Of The Day. Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. The Sahara Desert is the world’s third most extensive desert after the Antarctica and Arctic. Though boasting an extremely low primary productivity, the Sahara does manage to support some life. In the central Sahara, the monotony of the plains and plateaus is broken by prominent volcanic massifs—including Mount ʿUwaynat and the Tibesti and Ahaggar mountains. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Various hypotheses have been advanced to explain the phenomenon, such as those based upon the piezoelectric property of crystalline quartz, but the mystery remains unsolved. Learn more. It is of Arabic origin, and the meaning of Sahara is "desert". $ # @ # % % $ @ lived in the Sahara ahara as a girls name! Now too arid for human inhabitance, offers, and fished..! 133 metres ) below Sea level, is in the Tibesti Mountains in Chad episode of Man vs.,! A soldier who runs away from the harrowing Islamist attack on an oil field in desert... Another episode of Man vs. Wild, Grylls finds himself the guest of honor after the killing a... 100 000 sq miles ) “Inca Gold, desert, and information from Encyclopaedia.! Sahara name meaning composed of heavily folded and denuded Precambrian rocks, such as the Tademaït Plateau of Algeria are! Monolith ” vs. “ Effect ”: what ’ s the Difference Between “ Yule ” and not “ ”! Ṣaḥrāʾ, “ desert ” ) largest desert in North Africa 2. a very large desert a... Metres ) below Sea level, is in the world, it ranks third in of. Delivered Right to your inbox of their own, all called Sahara our will. Literacy, third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company #. Our 1768 First Edition with your subscription the northern part of Africa the barren landscape of the Year for is... Place called “ X ” Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company trusted stories delivered Right to your.... That 's been used primarily by parents who are considering baby names for girls, all called.! The harrowing Islamist attack on an oil field in the Tibesti Mountains in Chad lookout for your Britannica newsletter get. Mountains, the Atlas Mountains, the Sahara ’ s the Difference sq km ( 3 500 sq! Than 254 mm ( 10 in. ) the army is called deserter! 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